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Deep Ocean Mission
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Deep Ocean Mission

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The Union Cabinet has approved the "Deep Ocean Mission".

 What is Deep Ocean Mission (DOM)?

  • The Deep Ocean Mission is proposed as multi-ministerial multi-disciplinary programme to explore deep ocean for resources and develop deep sea technologies for sustainable use of ocean resources. 
  • The estimated cost of the Mission will be Rs. 4077 crore for a period of 5 years.
  • Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) will be the nodal Ministry to implement DOM.
  • DOM will be a mission mode project to support the Blue Economy Initiatives of the Government.


Significance of the DOM

  • Indigenization of Technology: The technologies required for deep sea mining have strategic implications and are not commercially available. Hence, attempts will be made to indigenize technologies by collaborating with leading institutes and private industries.
  • Employment creation: A research vessel for deep ocean exploration would be built in an Indian shipyard which would create employment opportunities. Also, the capacity development in Marine Biology will provide job opportunities in Indian industries.
  • Boost to MSMEs and Start-ups: Design, development and fabrication of specialized equipment, ships and setting up of required infrastructure are expected to spur the growth of the Indian industry, especially the MSME and Start-ups.
  • Harnessing Blue Economy: For India, with its three sides surrounded by the oceans and around 30% of the country's population living in coastal areas, ocean is a major economic factor supporting fisheries and aquaculture, tourism, livelihoods and blue trade. Oceans are also storehouse of food, energy, minerals, medicines, modulator of weather and climate and underpin life on Earth.

Question: How does the Deep Ocean Mission aim to achieve India’s vision to harness the Blue economy for sustainable growth?

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