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Project 75-I
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Project 75-I

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Ministry of Defence (MoD) has approved the long-delayed ‘Project 75-I’ to build six submarines in the country.


About the News

  • Context: The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), chaired by Defence Minister, formally cleared India’s ambitious but long delayed Rs.43,000-crore project to build indigenously six new generation stealth submarines with foreign collaboration under the strategic partnership (SP) model.
  • Strategic Partners: Two Indian strategic partners with submarine-building experience have been picked. The strategic partner must ensure a minimum of 45 percent indigenisation in five of the subs and at least 60 percent indigenous content in the sixth one.
  • Features of the Submarine: These six conventional submarines will be equipped with the state-of-the-art, air independent propulsion (AIP) systems which will help them stay underwater for longer periods of time.


Significance of the project

  • India does not have a friendly neighbourhood and considering most of its territories border the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea and Pakistan and China expanding their naval fleets It is imperative for the country to augment its underwater combat arm urgently as the navy cannot afford to drift anymore.
  • The Indian Navy, which currently has in its inventory 15 conventional submarines and two nuclear submarines, is looking to acquire a total of 24 new submarines, including six nuclear attack submarines.
  • China’s major expansion plans to build a Blue Water Navy to project power beyond its traditional areas. According to some estimates, its submarine fleet comprises as many as 66 craft, both conventional and nuclear.


What is Project 75-I?

  • Code named Project-75 (I), the programme is aimed at enhancing India’s capability to progressively build indigenous capabilities in the private sector to design, develop and manufacture complex weapon systems for the future needs of the Armed Forces.
  • The Project-75 (I) programme has been hanging fire for over two decades. While the project itself was originally cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) in 1999, Acceptance of Necessity was granted for the project in 2007. The decision of the DAC, India’s apex procurement body, should now act as a catalyst in what is still a long process.



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