Philosophy, a subject that delves deep into the realms of human thought and existence, has been a cherished optional subject for UPSC mains examinations. Among the diverse philosophical schools, Mimāmsā, with its focus on the interpretation of Vedic texts and rituals, has held a special place in the hearts of aspirants. In this blog, we embark on a philosophical journey that takes us through a decade of UPSC mains’ previous year questions specifically related to Mimāmsā, spanning from 2013 to 2023.
Mimāmsā, often considered the backbone of Vedic studies, poses unique challenges and opportunities for UPSC aspirants. By meticulously examining the questions asked in the past decade, we hope to shed light on the evolving nature of this optional subject and provide valuable insights to those who aspire to conquer the UPSC mains with Mimāmsā as their weapon of choice. Join us in this exploration of ancient wisdom and contemporary examinations, as we delve into the realm of philosophy in the context of UPSC mains.
Mimāmsā Philosophy – Previous Year Questions (UPSC CSE Mains History Optional)
1. Explain the theory of validity of knowledge (pramanyavada) according to mimamsa. How do they criticize the Nyaya theory of validity ? (2017/15)
2. What is the logical necessity for the Mimamsas to treat ‘Arthapatti’as an independent Pramana? Discuss.(2016/15)
3. Elaborate Nyaya-Mimamsa debate on Pramanyavada.(2015/20)
4. How is an absence of an object known according to Naiyayikas and Mimamsakas ? Discuss. (2014/15)
5. Can Arthapatti (postulation) be reduced to Anumana (inference )?Discuss it from Mimamsa point of view. (2014/10)
6. Evaluate Prabhakar Mimamsaka’s arguments for accepting sruti aspramana. (2013/12 ½)
7. How is the pramanya (validity/truth) of a statement determined ?Examine in this context the theory of paratah pramanyavada.(2013/10)
8. Why does Mimamsa give utmost importance to SHABDA-PRAMANA the verbal testimony ? Is it anything to do with Vedas ? Give your comments.(2012/15)
9. Discuss the views of Mimamsa and Nyaya on the theory of Pramanyavada. Which of them do find adequate ? Give reasons for your answer . (2012/15)
10. How do Mimamsakas defend Svatah Pramanyavada against the Naiyayika criticism? Discuss. (2011/20)
11. Anupalabdhi as a pramana. Short Notes. (2008/20)
12. What is Svatah prmanyavada according in Mimansakas? Is their explanation of error consistent with it? Discuss fully. (2002/60)
13. Kumarila Bhatta’s explanation of perceptual error. Notes. (2001)
FAQs on Mimāmsā
Q: What is Mimāmsā philosophy, and how does it differ from other schools of Indian philosophy?
A: Mimāmsā is a classical school of Indian philosophy that primarily focuses on the interpretation of Vedic texts and rituals. It distinguishes itself from other philosophical schools like Vedanta or Nyaya by its emphasis on understanding the intricacies of Vedic rituals and their significance.
Q: Why is the study of Mimāmsā important, and what relevance does it have in modern times?
A: The study of Mimāmsā is essential for those interested in understanding the cultural and religious traditions of India, as it provides insights into the foundation of Vedic rituals and their role in Hinduism. Additionally, it can be relevant in the context of ethics, linguistics, and hermeneutics.
Q: What are the key texts in Mimāmsā philosophy that aspirants need to study for UPSC examinations?
A: Aspirants preparing for UPSC or other competitive exams should focus on studying texts like the “Mimāmsā Sutras” by Jaimini and the “Śābarabhāṣya” by Śabara, which are fundamental to understanding Mimāmsā philosophy.
Q: What challenges do students typically face when studying Mimāmsā philosophy?
A: Mimāmsā philosophy is known for its intricate and technical nature, which can be challenging for beginners. The deciphering of Vedic texts and understanding complex rituals often requires a deep level of commitment and dedication.
Q: How can one effectively prepare for Mimāmsā as an optional subject in competitive exams like UPSC?
A: To prepare for philosophy as an optional subject, one should start with a strong foundation in the core texts. Additionally, it’s essential to practice answer writing, engage in discussions, and seek guidance from experienced mentors or educators who can provide valuable insights into tackling the subject in competitive exams effectively.
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