Are you an aspiring civil servant preparing for the UPSC Mains examination with psychology as your optional subject? If so, you’re likely aware of the importance of understanding the intricate facets of human behavior. In the ever-evolving landscape of UPSC exams, staying informed about the previous year’s questions is crucial to formulate a strategic study plan. In this blog, we delve into the psychology optional topic that has been a recurring theme in UPSC Mains over the past decade – the ‘Development of Human Behavior.’ We’ll explore questions from 2013 to 2023, offering insights into the evolving patterns, key concepts, and how to approach this topic for maximum success in your UPSC Mains examination.
Understanding the development of human behavior is not only essential for psychology students but also for future civil servants who need to comprehend the intricacies of human nature. This blog will serve as a valuable resource for both novices and experienced candidates, providing a comprehensive analysis of past questions, along with tips and strategies for tackling this challenging subject. Whether you’re just beginning your UPSC journey or looking to refine your approach, join us on this exploration of the ‘Development of Human Behavior’ to better equip yourself for success in the UPSC Mains examination.
Development of Human Behaviour Psychology – Previous Year Questions (UPSC CSE Mains Psychology Optional)
1. You are the head of an office in which employees habitually come late and leave early. Suggest a behaviour modification plan for such employees.
2. Briefly suggest how well-being of the elderly can be promoted.
3. How can biological aging be modified with the help of environmental factors?
4. What is likely to happen if a person is asked to behave in a manner contrary to the attitude the person holds? Explain on the basis of a theory.
5. How do task similarity and modality influence dual-task performance?
6. Discuss the stages of psychosexual development according to Freud.
7. What are the stages of cognitive development according to Piaget?
8. How does the brain mediate between the genotype and the phenotype for psychological characteristics?
9. Compare the Indian and western constructions of ‘Self’ with reference to cross-cultural studies and bring out their implication for well-being.
10.Critically evaluate the role of parenting style, peer group and media in identity formation during adolescence.
11. Describe the role of epigenetic model in determining human behaviour.
12. Examine the impact of cultural factors on socialization process among children.
13. How do genes affect development ?
14. Discuss the importance of early relationship for developmental outcomes in the light of researches by Bowlby and Anisworth.
15. Bring out the key developmental challenges fac ed by adolescents in the cognitive and social domaips.
16. ‘Every function in the child’s development appears twice : first on social level and later, on the individual level. “-Vygotsky Discuss the above statement and indicate your own position on this proposition.
17. Discuss how happiness may influence psychological well-being and health.
18. What psychological conditions keep the poor in a socially disadvantaged state?
19. How can the adverse consequences of social disadvantage be alleviated ?
20. What are gender stereotypes in India ? How do they feed into gender discrimination ?
21. Discuss the role of socio-cultural factors in promotion of well-being across major stages of life-span.
22. “Children are not bom with stereotypes; they learn them from their family, peers, media and society.”— Discuss.
23. Describe Piaget’s stages of cognitive development. Critique his theory.
24. “Cognitive psychologists often use computer as an analogy to explain the relation between cognition and brain.” Discuss.
25.Identify the most important changes that occur during adolescence
26. Critically evaluate Erikson’s stages of Psychosocial development.
27. Describe the parenting styles that are used in raising a normal child.
28. Do you think subliminal messages can actually lead to significant changes in attitudes or behaviour ? Cite research evidence.
29. How would you apply Operant Conditioning technique for toilet training to a 3-year-old boy ?
30. Whatever we are, it is because of Genes. Discuss.
31. According to Piaget, the egocentric preschooler is not intentionally ‘inconsiderate’ but rather has difficulty taking another’s viewpoint. Explain.
32. What is the significance of attachment to parents in social & emotional well-being of the child ? Illustrate from perspective of developmental theories.
33. Citing research evidences, bring out the role of cultural factors in socialization.
34. Differentiate between various developmental tasks of young men and women in India.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: Is Psychology a popular optional subject for UPSC Mains?
A: Yes, Psychology is a relatively popular optional subject for the UPSC Mains examination. Many aspirants choose it due to its practical applications and its relevance in understanding human behavior, which can be beneficial in various administrative roles.
Q: What is the syllabus for the Psychology optional paper in UPSC Mains?
A: The UPSC paper comprises two papers, Paper-I and Paper-II. Paper-I covers topics such as the fundamentals of psychology, human development, and social psychology. Paper-II includes subjects like psychological testing, motivation, and environmental psychology, among others.
Q: How can I effectively prepare for the Psychology optional paper in UPSC Mains?
A: To prepare for the paper, it’s essential to understand the syllabus thoroughly. Reading standard textbooks, practicing previous year questions, and seeking guidance from experienced educators or mentors can greatly enhance your preparation.
Q: What is the significance of previous year questions for UPSC Psychology optional?
A: Previous year questions are crucial for preparation as they help candidates understand the exam’s pattern and focus areas. Analyzing these questions can guide you in tailoring your study strategy and mastering the subject.
Q: Are there any career prospects with a Psychology optional paper in UPSC?
A: Yes, there are career prospects beyond the UPSC examination with a background in this subject. The knowledge gained from studying psychology can be valuable in various administrative and policymaking roles, especially when dealing with issues related to human behavior, public health, education, and social welfare.
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