Paper – 1
Q1. Comment on the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50
- (a) Feminist critique of the State 10
- (b) Affirmative action 10
- (c) Equality of outcome as a political idea 10
- (d) Tools of legitimating of the State 10
- (e) J. S. Mill’s ideas on women’s suffrage 10
- (a) How has Rawls enriched the idea of justice in liberalism? 20
- (b) Examine the importance of behavioral approach in political theory. What led to its decline? 15
- (c) Can there be universal conception of human rights? Give your arguments. 15
- (a) Explain the Aristotelian view of politics. To what extent do you think it has contributed to the development of modern-day constitutional democracies? 20
- (b) “When a nation becomes devoid of arts and learning, it invites poverty.” (Sir Syed Ahmad Khan). In the light of this statement, assess the role of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan as a in as a reformer in modern India. 15
- (c) Political ideology is primarrily concerned with the allocation and utilization of Power.” Comment.
- (a) Do you think that the buddhist traditions have lent greater ethical foundation to the ancient Indian political thought? Give your arguments. 20
- (b) Marx’s concept of ‘alienation’ is an essential part of the reality in capitalism. Explain. 15
- (c) Free and fair deliberation is key to the foundation of democracy.” Explain. 15
Q5. Answer the following in about 150 words each : 10×5=50
- (a) “The Constitution of India is a product of a historical process, rich with constitutional antecedents.” Comment.
- (b) “The Constitution makers faced the great task of forging a common national identity in the face of unparalleled social and cultural diversity in India.” Comment.
- (c) Mention the founding principles that define India’s Constitution.
- (d) Analyze the Marxist perspective of the nature of Indian National Movement.
- (e) Underline the significance of the first constitutional amendment.
- (a) “Constitutionally reconciling the Fundamental Rights with the Directive Principles of State Policy has led to frequent amendments of the Constitution and judicial interventions.” Comment.
- (b) The role of the President of India becomes more significant during a minority government and a coalition government. Explain.
- (c) Do you think that despite having significant limitations the Panchayati Raj institutions have strengthened the process of democratic decentralization? Give your views.
- (a) “The Indian party system is shaped by a complex interaction of the country’s federal structure, electoral system and social cleavages.” Explain.
- (b) Do you think that there has been a gradual shift in the basis on which the demands for the creation of new States have been raised in different regions of India? Explain.
- (c) What explains India’s modest improvements in social development outcomes even as the rate of growth has accelerated since the initiation of economic reforms?
- (a) The success of electoral democracy can partly be attributed to the status and role of the Election Commission of India.” Explain.
- (b) Examine the evolution of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India as a Constitutional Court.
- (c) Explain how caste as a social category is also becoming a political category in the democratic politics of India.
Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50
- (a) Discuss the political economy approach to the comparative analysis of politics. 10
- (b) “Political parties and pressure groups are sine qua non of democracy.” Comment. 10
- (c) “Marxist approach to the study of international relations has lost its relevance in the post-cold war era.” Comment.
- (d) What measures have been undertaken by the United Nations (for its reforms? 10
- (e) Discuss the five proposals made by India in the recent COP-26 conference held in Glasgow.
- (a) “The post-colonial state was thought of an entity that stood outside and above society asan autonomous agency.” Explain.
- (b) Discuss the emergence of neo-realism and its basic tenets
- (c) What is ‘complex interdependence’? Discuss the role of transnational actors in the international system.
- (a) Explain the impact of electoral systems and cleavages in shaping party systems with reference to developing countries.
- (b) What is globalisation? Why is there an intense debate about globalisation and its consequences?
- (c) Critically examine the decline of the United States of America as a hegemon and its implications for the changing international political order.
- (a) The modernization thesis asserts that affluence breeds stable democracy. How do you explain the success of India being the world’s largest democracy as an exceptional case?
- (b) Explain the success of ASEAN as a regional organisation.
- (c) Explain India’s relations with the European Union in the context of Brexit. 15
Q5. Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50
- (a) Discuss the strategic implications of India’s ‘Look East Policy’ transforming into ‘Act East Policy’.
- (b) Explain the philosophical foundations of India’s foreign policy.
- (c) Explain India’s position on the waiver of intellectual property rights on COVID-19 vaccines in WTO.
- (d) Write about the growing significance of QUAD
- (e) How does the recent takeover of Afghanistan by Taliban impact India’s strategic interests?
- (a) “Non-alignment was little more than a rational strategy on the part of a materially weak India to maximize its interests with a bipolar distribution of global power.” Comment.
- (b) Examine the Geo-strategic points of contention in the bilateral relationship between India and China.
- (c) Write a brief analysis of the ethnic conflicts and cross-border migrations along India-Myanmar and India-Bangladesh borders.
- (a) Why South Asia is considered as the world’s politically and economically least integrated region ? Explain.
- (d) How do the constituent states influence the foreign policy making process in India?
- (c) Examine the evolution of India’s role in the global nuclear order.
- (a) “Relations between India and Russia are rooted in history mutual trust/and mutually beneficial cooperation.’ Discuss.
- (b) Discuss the “Sustainable Development Goals’ as set by the United Nations.
- (c) Identify the drivers of India’s new interest in Africa.
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