If you’re aspiring to crack the UPSC Civil Services Examination, then you’re no stranger to the significance of choosing the right optional subject. Psychology is a popular choice among candidates, thanks to its interdisciplinary nature and its relevance in understanding human behavior and society. In this blog series, we’ll delve into the world of UPSC Mains examinations, focusing on the Psychology optional paper. Specifically, we’ll explore the previous year questions in the “Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary Psychology” segment from 2013 to 2023. This optional paper not only demands a deep understanding of psychology but also an ability to apply psychological principles to contemporary issues, making it both challenging and intriguing. So, let’s embark on this journey to unravel the trends, insights, and strategies required to master this critical section of the UPSC Mains.
Over the next few articles, we’ll analyze the evolution of questions in the “Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary Psychology” section, offering you valuable insights into the topics that have repeatedly appeared and the changing dynamics of the examination pattern. We’ll also discuss the importance of staying updated with the latest developments in psychology to tackle questions related to contemporary issues effectively. So, whether you’re a psychology enthusiast or an UPSC aspirant looking for guidance on tackling this optional paper, this series is your one-stop destination for unraveling the complex world of Psychology in the UPSC Mains examination. Join us as we explore the questions, strategies, and perspectives that will help you conquer this subject and inch closer to your dream of becoming a civil servant.
Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary Psychology Psychology – Previous Year Questions (UPSC CSE Mains Psychology Optional)
1. What is REM sleep and how is it related to dreaming?
2. Elaborate upon the salient developments in consciousness studies and indicate the effect of ‘meditation’ on psychological functions.
3. Enumerate different stages of sleep. Discuss the effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance.
4. Why our representations of the external world are not entirely accurate ?
5. How the psychoanalytic view differs from physiological or cognitive view of dream ?
6. What makes a persuasive attempt effective ? Discuss.
7. Why are we awake at certain times and asleep at others ? Explain this with help of opponent process model.
8. Explain different types of psycho-active drugs and patterns of their use.
9. Describe the physiological changes that are accompanied by shifts in consciousness in the process of sleep. Also discuss major sleep disorders.
10. Drug-addiction is just a maladaptive behaviour. Like other behaviour, it can be easily changed. Discuss.
11. What is paradoxical in REM sleep? How active is a person during different stages of sleep ?
12. Perception is plastic. However, it may also be affected by innate tendencies. Critically evaluate.
13. How have neuroscientists and evolutionary scientists contributed to modern psychology?
14. Is sleep a passive process? Justify your answer with proper scientific support.
15. Discuss contemporary researches on simulating human intelligence using machines and their implications for understanding human behaviour,
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: Is Psychology a popular optional subject for UPSC Mains?
A: Yes, Psychology is a relatively popular optional subject for the UPSC Mains examination. Many aspirants choose it due to its practical applications and its relevance in understanding human behavior, which can be beneficial in various administrative roles.
Q: What is the syllabus for the Psychology optional paper in UPSC Mains?
A: The UPSC paper comprises two papers, Paper-I and Paper-II. Paper-I covers topics such as the fundamentals of psychology, human development, and social psychology. Paper-II includes subjects like psychological testing, motivation, and environmental psychology, among others.
Q: How can I effectively prepare for the Psychology optional paper in UPSC Mains?
A: To prepare for the paper, it’s essential to understand the syllabus thoroughly. Reading standard textbooks, practicing previous year questions, and seeking guidance from experienced educators or mentors can greatly enhance your preparation.
Q: What is the significance of previous year questions for UPSC Psychology optional?
A: Previous year questions are crucial for preparation as they help candidates understand the exam’s pattern and focus areas. Analyzing these questions can guide you in tailoring your study strategy and mastering the subject.
Q: Are there any career prospects with a Psychology optional paper in UPSC?
A: Yes, there are career prospects beyond the UPSC examination with a background in this subject. The knowledge gained from studying psychology can be valuable in various administrative and policymaking roles, especially when dealing with issues related to human behavior, public health, education, and social welfare.
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