For more details, reach out to us at +91 8376886065
For more details, reach out to us at +91 8376886065

Geography Optional by Shabbir Sir - Foundation Course

Not only is Geography Optional one of the most chosen options among UPSC Aspirants, it is also more loved because of its classes being offered by Shabbir Sir!

The unique, module-wise, marathon-focused, and mission-oriented Geography Optional Classes by Shabbir Sir focuses on pedagogical elements like initiation classes, moving to foundational principles, and then ultimately to the Enriched/Advanced part of learning!


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Not only is Geography Optional one of the most chosen options among UPSC Aspirants, it is also more loved because of its classes being offered by Shabbir Sir!

The unique, module-wise, marathon-focused, and mission-oriented Geography Optional Classes by Shabbir Sir focuses on pedagogical elements like initiation classes, moving to foundational principles, and then ultimately to the Enriched/Advanced part of learning!

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New batch starts from 8th Mar, 2024
Select mode of course & batch to enroll

Online Live Classes


  • 150+ Live Interactive classes with Class Notes
  • Learning Art of Synopsis Writing
  • Module Based Approach
  • Completion through Module Wise Workbooks
  • 200+ L1 & L2 Level Questions with Model Answers (PDF)
  • 14 Geography Optional Booklets (PDF)
7% OFF

Geography Optional Online - (Foundation March Batch - 2025)

₹52,300 ₹56,300
Batch starts: 08 Mar’24
No cost EMI available. Schedule a free counselling session to get the EMI plans
Know more about the Geography Optional Course!

Know more about the Geography Optional Course!

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Geography Optional – Syllabus given by UPSC

Syllabus of Geography Paper – I (PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHY)

Physical Geography

  1. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crusts; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Volcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development; Applied Geomorphology; Geomorphology, economic geology, and environment.
  2. Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; Atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronts; Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climate; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change, and role and response of man in climatic changes Applied climatology and Urban climate.
  3. Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents, and tides; Marine resources; biotic, mineral, and energy resources; Coral reefs coral bleaching; Sea-level changes; Law of the sea and marine pollution.
  4. Biogeography: Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation, and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and conservation measures; Social forestry, agro-forestry; Wildlife; Major gene pool centers.
  5. Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology; Human ecological adaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management and conservation; Environmental degradation, management, and conservation; Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmental hazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation.

Human Geography

  1. Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation; regional synthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution and locational analysis; Radical, behavioral, human, and welfare approaches; Languages, religions, and secularisation; Cultural regions of the world; Human development index.
  2. Economic Geography: World economic development: measurement and problems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits to growth; World agriculture: a typology of agricultural regions; Agricultural inputs and productivity; Food and nutrition problems; Food security; famine: causes, effects, and remedies; World industries: location patterns and problems; Patterns of world trade.
  3. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; Demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; Concepts of the over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. Types and patterns of rural settlements; Environmental issues in rural settlements; Hierarchy of urban settlements; Urban morphology; Concept of primate city and rank-size rule; Functional classification of towns; Sphere of urban influence; Rural-urban fringe; Satellite towns; Problems and remedies of urbanization; Sustainable development of cities.
  4. Regional Planning: Concept of a region; Types of regions and methods of regionalization; Growth centers and growth poles; Regional imbalances; regional development strategies; environmental issues in regional planning; Planning for sustainable development.
  5. Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography: System analysis in Human geography; Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models; Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch; Perroux and Boudeville; Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location; Weber’s model of industrial location; Ostov’s model of stages of growth. Heartland and Rimland theories; Laws of international boundaries and frontiers.

Syllabus of Geography Paper – II

Geography of India

  1. Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighboring countries; Structure and relief; Drainage system and watersheds; Physiographic regions; Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns; Tropical cyclones and western disturbances; Floods and droughts; Climatic regions; Natural vegetation, Soil types and their distributions.
  2. Resources: Land, surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources, Forest and wildlife resources and their conservation; Energy crisis.
  3. Agriculture: Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power; Institutional factors; land holdings, land tenure and land reforms; Cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability; Agro and social-forestry; Green revolution and its socio-economic and ecological implications; Significance of dry farming; Livestock resources and white revolution; Aquaculture; Sericulture, Agriculture and poultry; Agricultural regionalisation; Agro-climatic zones; Agroecological regions.
  4. Industry: Evolution of industries; Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminum, fertiliser, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage, and ago-based industries; Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings; Industrial regionalisation; New industrial policy; Multinationals and liberalisation; Special Economic Zones; Tourism including ecotourism.
  5. Transport, Communication, and Trade: Road, railway, waterway, airway, and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development; Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade; Trade balance; Trade Policy; Export processing zones; Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society; Indian space programme.
  6. Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society; Racial linguistic and ethnic diversities; religious minorities; Major tribes, tribal areas, and their problems; Cultural regions; Growth, distribution, and density of population; Demographic attributes: sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force, dependency ratio, longevity; migration (inter-regional, intraregional and international) and associated problems; Population problems and policies; Health indicators.
  7. Settlements: Types, patterns, and morphology of rural settlements; Urban developments; Morphology of Indian cities; Functional classification of Indian cities; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; Urban sprawl; Slums and associated problems; Town planning; Problems of urbanisation and remedies.
  8. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India; Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes; Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning; Command area development; Watershed management; Planning for backward area, desert, drought-prone, hill tribal area development; Multi-level planning; Regional planning and development of island territories.
  9. Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism; State reorganization; Emergence of new states; Regional consciousness and inter-state issues; International boundary of India and related issues; Cross-border terrorism; India’s role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm.
  10. Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides, earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics; Issues related to environmental pollution; Changes in patterns of land use; Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management; Population explosion and food security; Environmental degradation; Deforestation, desertification, and soil erosion; Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest; Regional disparities in economic development; Concept of sustainable growth and development; Environmental awareness; Linkage of rivers; Globalisation and Indian economy.

Key Highlights

Class Synopsis
Class Synopsis
Recorded Videos of Live Classes
Recorded Videos of Live Classes
Live Interactive Classes
Live Interactive Classes
Simplified Pedagogy with Quality Content
Simplified Pedagogy with Quality Content

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About the Faculty

Shabbir Bashir
Shabbir Bashir

Shabbir A Bashir is one of the co-founders of Edukemy and industry’s most lauded professor in UPSC preparation. He has been in the industry...

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Free Resources

Preksha Agarwal - Rank 30

Topper Copy 1

Preksha Agarwal - Rank 30

Topper Copy 2

Geography Optional PYQ Sample

Geography Optional PYQ 2023 - Solved Sample

Synopsis Sample

Synopsis Made by a Student at Edukemy!


Demo Class Videos

Demo Video - Geography Optional by Shabbir Sir - Foundation Course
Demo Video - Geography Optional by Shabbir Sir - Foundation Course
Demo Video - Geography Optional by Shabbir Sir - Foundation Course
Demo Video - Geography Optional by Shabbir Sir - Foundation Course

Frequently Asked Questions

UPSC CSE Geography Optional by Shabbir Sir is meant ideally for the Students who are preparing with Geography Optional. It would help students understand static and dynamic concepts with in-depth understanding with our best faculties on board.

  • Course Duration: 9 Months
  • Course Commencement Date - 29-1-2024
  • Complete coverage of the syllabus with high quality content & best faculty
  • Class Summary after each class

  • The program would help an aspirant clear the most important concepts asked in the UPSC CSE Geography Optional
  • Development of analytical skills through spontaneous interaction in live classes & mentoring the students on test feedback
  • Cover all the important exam static topics.
  • Follows the changing trend of the syllabus, hence comes with a well-crafted pedagogy for the same.
  • Course topics would be treated according to their relevance and importance

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Know more about the Geography Optional Course!

Know more about the Geography Optional Course!

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Related Courses

Geography Optional: A Comprehensive Overview

Popular Choice for UPSC Aspirants

Choosing Geography as an optional subject for the UPSC is a popular decision among civil services aspirants. Beyond its intrinsic value, Geography Optional serves as a platform for honing answer-writing skills relevant to General Studies.

Diverse Coverage

Covering diverse areas such as geomorphology, climatology, and regional planning, this subject attracts those with a genuine passion for understanding our planet's complexities.

Coaching Essentials

Effective preparation often involves enrolling in Geography Optional coaching, which provides essential resources and strategies. For individuals intrigued by the intricacies of Earth and aspiring to excel in competitive exams, Geography Optional emerges as a smart and fulfilling selection.

Edukemy's Best Geography Optional Coaching

Innovative Pedagogy

While self-study may suffice for General Studies, mastering an optional subject like Geography requires a blend of coaching and independent study.

Unique Approach

Edukemy's Geography Optional Coaching, led by Shabbir Sir, stands out due to its innovative pedagogy, content delivery, and emphasis on answer writing.


Edukemy takes pride in offering not only the Best Geography Optional Coaching in India but also the Best in Delhi, with an offline center in Old Rajinder Nagar for easy accessibility.

Exploring Geography Optional Syllabus for UPSC

Comprehensive and Challenging

The UPSC Civil Services Examination's Geography optional syllabus is comprehensive and challenging, designed to assess candidates' in-depth knowledge.

Encompassing Both Realms

Encompassing both physical and human geography, the syllabus includes geomorphology, climatology, oceanography, biogeography, population studies, and settlement geography.

Emphasis on Application

Thorough understanding of geographical theories, models, and contemporary issues is expected, with an emphasis on applying geographic concepts to real-world problems.

Geography Optional Books and Previous Year Papers

Learning Through Books

At Edukemy, learning through books is highly encouraged, with recommended texts such as Savindra Singh's works and Majid Hussain's "Human Geography."

Invaluable Resources

Geography Optional previous year question papers in PDF format are invaluable resources for understanding the exam's pattern and assessing one's preparedness.

Topic-wise Breakdown

Topic-wise PDFs further break down the syllabus for efficient and strategic preparation.

Geography Optional Test Series and Toppers

Simulating Exam Conditions

Edukemy's Geography Optional Test Series for 2023/24/25 is designed to simulate actual exam conditions, aiding aspirants in assessing knowledge, time management, and problem-solving skills.

Successful Toppers

The institute boasts successful toppers, including Preksha Agrawal, Nittin Singh, and Shubham, who secured top ranks in the UPSC Exam under Shabbir Sir's guidance.

Geography Optional Online Coaching

Accessibility Nationwide

In addition to providing the best offline coaching in Delhi, Edukemy offers Geography Optional Coaching online, ensuring accessibility for students across the country.

Real-time Doubt Resolution

Shabbir Sir's Geography Optional Course, available in an online format, includes a unique October Batch with a two-year validity, catering to students preparing for the UPSC Exam in 2025. The online platform features real-time doubt resolution through chat integration, making it a valuable resource for geography enthusiasts nationwide.

Excelling in UPSC: Unveiling the Best Geography Optional Coaching in Delhi

In the dynamic realm of UPSC preparations, selecting the right coaching for your chosen optional subject can significantly impact your success. Geography, as an optional subject, demands a specialized approach, and the market is flooded with choices. This article delves into the key deliverables offered by top-tier geography optional coaching, with a spotlight on the renowned Shabbir Sir's online classes.

Geography Optional Coaching Overview:

Navigating the UPSC maze requires a comprehensive strategy, and the cornerstone is choosing the right coaching. A credible geography optional coaching program encompasses live interactive classes, meticulously crafted class notes, and a module-based approach. The emphasis on a module-wise workbook ensures a structured and thorough understanding of the subject matter.

Best Geography Optional Coaching in Delhi:

When the quest is for the best geography optional coaching in Delhi, the spotlight often falls on institutes offering 150+ live interactive classes. These institutes recognize the importance of an exhaustive approach, providing not only quality teaching but also 14 specialized booklets covering the entirety of the geography optional syllabus.

Geography Optional Best Coaching:

Excellence in geography optional coaching is defined by a combination of live classes, comprehensive class notes, and a well-organized module-based approach. The best coaching institutes ensure that students are equipped with the art of synopsis writing and offer a wealth of L1 & L2 level questions, accompanied by model answers in PDF format.

Coaching for Geography Optional:

Aspirants seeking coaching for geography optional subjects must prioritize institutes that focus on a module-wise strategy. Completion through module-wise workbooks enhances understanding and retention, setting a solid foundation for mastering the subject.

UPSC Geography Optional Online Coaching:

In the era of digital learning, UPSC aspirants can leverage the benefits of online coaching for geography optional subjects. The convenience of attending classes from anywhere is complemented by the presence of 200+ L1 & L2 level questions in PDF format, catering to various learning styles.

Online Geography Optional Classes:

The shift towards online geography optional classes is evident in the evolving landscape of UPSC preparations. Instructors, such as Shabbir Sir, have adapted to the digital platform, offering a rich array of resources, including module-wise workbooks and comprehensive booklets.

Geography Optional Online Coaching:

The efficacy of geography optional online coaching lies in its flexibility and accessibility. Aspirants benefit from 14 specialized booklets, along with live interactive classes and an abundance of L1 & L2 level questions. The online platform fosters a conducive learning environment for UPSC preparation.

Geography Optional Classes:

In the quest for excellence, geography optional classes play a pivotal role. The synergy of live interactive sessions, module-wise workbooks, and strategically crafted booklets ensures a holistic approach to mastering the subject.

Shabbir Sir Geography Optional Online Classes:

Shabbir Sir's online classes stand out in the realm of geography optional coaching. Leveraging the power of the digital platform, his classes offer a unique blend of live interactions, module-wise workbooks, and specialized booklets, catering to the diverse needs of UPSC aspirants.

Geography Optional Strategy

A successful strategy for geography optional involves a multifaceted approach. The key lies in selecting coaching that aligns with the nuances of the subject. This includes live interactive classes, comprehensive class notes, and a module-wise workbook system, all of which are essential components of Shabbir Sir's geography optional strategy.

Choosing the right geography optional coaching is pivotal in the UPSC journey. The best coaching institutes, exemplified by Shabbir Sir's online classes, prioritize a holistic approach, providing aspirants with the tools necessary to navigate the challenging landscape of geography optional subjects.


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