For more details, reach out to us at +91 9773890604
For more details, reach out to us at +91 9773890604

Geography Optional Notes - by Shabbir Sir!

Here's why our notes stand out:

1. Comprehensive Syllabus Completion

Our notes provide a comprehensive coverage of the entire UPSC Geography Optional syllabus. Carefully curated and structured, they encompass all essential topics, sub-topics, and themes to equip you for the examination.

2. Additional 90 Questions with Model Answers:

In addition to syllabus coverage, we offer an extra set of 90 questions accompanied by model answers. These practice questions are designed to enhance your understanding and analytical skills, allowing you to excel in the exam.

3. Toppers Recommended Book - Pratham Kaushik (Rank 5, 2017):

We take pride in being recommended by toppers, including Pratham Kaushik, who secured an impressive Rank 5 in the 2017 UPSC examination. Our notes are structured to align with the strategies and approach that helped top-performing candidates succeed.

4. Emphasis on Flowcharts and Diagrams:

Understanding the power of visual aids, our notes focus on incorporating clear and concise flowcharts and diagrams. Visual representations aid in better comprehension and retention of complex geography concepts, giving you a competitive edge.

5. Swift Delivery within 10 Days:

We understand the importance of timely preparation. Our commitment is to deliver your hard copy notes within a span of 10 days, ensuring you have ample time for thorough revision and practice.

Prepare to ace the Geography Optional paper with our carefully curated hard copy notes. Delve into a world of in-depth knowledge, clarity, and strategic preparation, all packaged for your success in the UPSC Civil Services Examination.

 

 

1400+

Pages

3

Books

90+

Model Q&As

15

Modules

Here's why our notes stand out:

1. Comprehensive Syllabus Completion

Our notes provide a comprehensive coverage of the entire UPSC Geography Optional syllabus. Carefully curated and structured, they encompass all essential topics, sub-topics, and themes to equip you for the examination.

2. Additional 90 Questions with Model Answers:

In addition to syllabus coverage, we offer an extra set of 90 questions accompanied by model answers. These practice questions are designed to enhance your understanding and analytical skills, allowing you to excel in the exam.

3. Toppers Recommended Book - Pratham Kaushik (Rank 5, 2017):

We take pride in being recommended by toppers, including Pratham Kaushik, who secured an impressive Rank 5 in the 2017 UPSC examination. Our notes are structured to align with the strategies and approach that helped top-performing candidates succeed.

4. Emphasis on Flowcharts and Diagrams:

Understanding the power of visual aids, our notes focus on incorporating clear and concise flowcharts and diagrams. Visual representations aid in better comprehension and retention of complex geography concepts, giving you a competitive edge.

5. Swift Delivery within 10 Days:

We understand the importance of timely preparation. Our commitment is to deliver your hard copy notes within a span of 10 days, ensuring you have ample time for thorough revision and practice.

Prepare to ace the Geography Optional paper with our carefully curated hard copy notes. Delve into a world of in-depth knowledge, clarity, and strategic preparation, all packaged for your success in the UPSC Civil Services Examination.

 

 

Online Live Classes

Select batch to enroll
9% OFF

Geography Optional - Hard Copy Notes

Full Course Fee: ₹4,999 ₹5,499
Batch started: 10 Nov’22
Get hold of the Best Geography Optional Notes!

Get hold of the Best Geography Optional Notes!

Preferred time to call

Free Resources

Geomorphology Sample Content

Geomorphology Sample Content

Download
Climatology Sample Content

Climatology Sample Content

Download

Syllabus

Geography Optional – Syllabus given by UPSC

Syllabus of Geography Paper – I (PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHY)

Physical Geography

  1. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crusts; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Volcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development; Applied Geomorphology; Geomorphology, economic geology, and environment.
  2. Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; Atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronts; Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climate; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change, and role and response of man in climatic changes Applied climatology and Urban climate.
  3. Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents, and tides; Marine resources; biotic, mineral, and energy resources; Coral reefs coral bleaching; Sea-level changes; Law of the sea and marine pollution.
  4. Biogeography: Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation, and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and conservation measures; Social forestry, agro-forestry; Wildlife; Major gene pool centers.
  5. Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology; Human ecological adaptations; Influence of man on ecology and environment; Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances; Ecosystem their management and conservation; Environmental degradation, management, and conservation; Biodiversity and sustainable development; Environmental policy; Environmental hazards and remedial measures; Environmental education and legislation.

Human Geography

  1. Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation; regional synthesis; Dichotomy and dualism; Environmentalism; Quantitative revolution and locational analysis; Radical, behavioral, human, and welfare approaches; Languages, religions, and secularisation; Cultural regions of the world; Human development index.
  2. Economic Geography: World economic development: measurement and problems; World resources and their distribution; Energy crisis; the limits to growth; World agriculture: a typology of agricultural regions; Agricultural inputs and productivity; Food and nutrition problems; Food security; famine: causes, effects, and remedies; World industries: location patterns and problems; Patterns of world trade.
  3. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; Demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; Concepts of the over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. Types and patterns of rural settlements; Environmental issues in rural settlements; Hierarchy of urban settlements; Urban morphology; Concept of primate city and rank-size rule; Functional classification of towns; Sphere of urban influence; Rural-urban fringe; Satellite towns; Problems and remedies of urbanization; Sustainable development of cities.
  4. Regional Planning: Concept of a region; Types of regions and methods of regionalization; Growth centers and growth poles; Regional imbalances; regional development strategies; environmental issues in regional planning; Planning for sustainable development.
  5. Models, Theories and Laws in Human Geography: System analysis in Human geography; Malthusian, Marxian and demographic transition models; Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch; Perroux and Boudeville; Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location; Weber’s model of industrial location; Ostov’s model of stages of growth. Heartland and Rimland theories; Laws of international boundaries and frontiers.

Syllabus of Geography Paper – II

Geography of India

  1. Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighboring countries; Structure and relief; Drainage system and watersheds; Physiographic regions; Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns; Tropical cyclones and western disturbances; Floods and droughts; Climatic regions; Natural vegetation, Soil types and their distributions.
  2. Resources: Land, surface and ground water, energy, minerals, biotic and marine resources, Forest and wildlife resources and their conservation; Energy crisis.
  3. Agriculture: Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power; Institutional factors; land holdings, land tenure and land reforms; Cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, agricultural intensity, crop combination, land capability; Agro and social-forestry; Green revolution and its socio-economic and ecological implications; Significance of dry farming; Livestock resources and white revolution; Aquaculture; Sericulture, Agriculture and poultry; Agricultural regionalisation; Agro-climatic zones; Agroecological regions.
  4. Industry: Evolution of industries; Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminum, fertiliser, paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage, and ago-based industries; Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings; Industrial regionalisation; New industrial policy; Multinationals and liberalisation; Special Economic Zones; Tourism including ecotourism.
  5. Transport, Communication, and Trade: Road, railway, waterway, airway, and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development; Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade; Trade balance; Trade Policy; Export processing zones; Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society; Indian space programme.
  6. Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society; Racial linguistic and ethnic diversities; religious minorities; Major tribes, tribal areas, and their problems; Cultural regions; Growth, distribution, and density of population; Demographic attributes: sex-ratio, age structure, literacy rate, work-force, dependency ratio, longevity; migration (inter-regional, intraregional and international) and associated problems; Population problems and policies; Health indicators.
  7. Settlements: Types, patterns, and morphology of rural settlements; Urban developments; Morphology of Indian cities; Functional classification of Indian cities; Conurbations and metropolitan regions; Urban sprawl; Slums and associated problems; Town planning; Problems of urbanisation and remedies.
  8. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India; Five Year Plans; Integrated rural development programmes; Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning; Command area development; Watershed management; Planning for backward area, desert, drought-prone, hill tribal area development; Multi-level planning; Regional planning and development of island territories.
  9. Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism; State reorganization; Emergence of new states; Regional consciousness and inter-state issues; International boundary of India and related issues; Cross-border terrorism; India’s role in world affairs; Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm.
  10. Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides, earthquakes, Tsunamis, floods and droughts, epidemics; Issues related to environmental pollution; Changes in patterns of land use; Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management; Population explosion and food security; Environmental degradation; Deforestation, desertification, and soil erosion; Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest; Regional disparities in economic development; Concept of sustainable growth and development; Environmental awareness; Linkage of rivers; Globalisation and Indian economy.

 

Key Highlights

PYQs & Case Study Coverage
PYQs & Case Study Coverage
Complete coverage of Geography optional syllabus through class notes
Complete coverage of Geography optional syllabus through class notes
Model Q&As which would help you frame answers for Level I & II Qs
Model Q&As which would help you frame answers for Level I & II Qs
3 booklets with complete Geography optional class notes
3 booklets with complete Geography optional class notes

Frequently Asked Questions

For all the aspirants aiming at UPSC CSE examination with Geography as the optional subject. It is relevant for 2024/25 Aspirants.

 

  • Get full coverage of Geography optional syllabus through hard copies of class notes of the most recent batch.
  • Index with Modules and Topics mentioned for a well-structured approach while reading the class notes.
  • Books - 3
  • Pages - 1400+ 
  • Modules - 15
  • Model question and answers - 90+

Learn how to:

  • Connect the dots between basic and advanced level coverage of a module with class notes.
  • The art of answer writing in Mains examination through 90+ module specific model question & answers, sectional, full-length tests.
  • Use diagrams effectively to maximize your Mains score from Geography optional exam's perspective.
  • Get a clear understanding of how to approach the exam by building a strong base before going ahead with a full-fledged preparation.

No. There is no refund policy once the book has been dispatched.

Get hold of the Best Geography Optional Notes!

Get hold of the Best Geography Optional Notes!

Preferred time to call

Related Courses

1. What are Geography Optional Notes?

Geography optional notes are study materials that cover topics and concepts related to geography as an optional subject in UPSC Exam. The best notes of Geography Optional are of Shabbir Sir.

2. Where can I find Geography Optional notes in PDF format for free download?

You can search online on various educational websites and forums for free PDF downloads of geography optional notes. However, we are providing only HARD COPY NOTES of Shabbir Sir. The PDFs are of L1 & L2 Level Questions which is available in Lesson Plan ONLY.

3. Are there any specific geography optional notes available from Edukemy?

Edukemy offers Geography Optional Notes. You can visit the LINK or contact them directly for information about their notes on 8792740517

4. Do you have any recommendations for geography optional handwritten notes available in PDF format?

While we provide Handwritten notes for Geography Optional can often be found HERE, these are only available in HARD COPY and not in PDF.

5. Is there a PDF version of Shabbir Sir's geography optional notes for 2022?

No, they are not available. Shabbir Sir's Geography Optional Notes for 2022 are the property of Edukemy and any website trying to sell PDFs will result in legal action taken by Edukemy. The only ORIGINAL Shabbir Sir Notes are available at Edukemy in HARD COPY.

6. Where can I find geography optional notes in Hindi in PDF format?

Unfortunately, there is NO Geography Optional Notes available in Hindi in PDF Format.

7. Are there any topper-recommended geography optional notes available in PDF?

Yes! Example - Pratham Kaushik, who has secured the highest marks in Geography Optional till date - 327/500, has recommended Shabbir Sir's Geography Optional Notes. You can read about this here - LINK

8. Can I find regional planning geography optional notes in PDF format?

While the Regional Planning Geography Optional Notes are not available in PDF format, the Geography Optional Hard Copy Notes by Shabbir Sir includes a different chapter exclusively to deal with Regional Planning in Geography Optional.

9. Are Shabbir Sir's geography optional notes available in PDF for 2023?

No, they are strictly available only in Hard Copy. You can buy it here - LINK

10. Where can I get Cultural Setting Geography Optional Notes?

Cultural Settings Geography Optional Notes are available in the Geography Optional Hard Copy Notes by Shabbir Sir which includes a different chapter exclusively to deal with Cultural Setting in Geography Optional.

11. Where can I find geography optional handwritten notes?

Handwritten geography optional notes can often be found on HERE

12. Do you have any recommendations for Human Geography Optional Notes?

Human Geography Optional Notes are a part of Geography Optional Hard Copy Notes by Shabbir Sir

13. Do you have any notes for Geography Optional Paper 2?

Geography Optional Paper 2 Notes are a part of Geography Optional Hard Copy Notes by Shabbir Sir

Are you gearing up for the UPSC examination with Geography optional? Look no further! Dive into a treasure trove of resources meticulously curated by Shabbir Sir, a renowned authority in UPSC preparation. With Shabbir Sir's Geography Optional Notes at your disposal, conquer the intricacies of Geography and ace the UPSC examination with confidence.

Complete Notes of Geography Optional for UPSC:

Gain access to comprehensive notes meticulously crafted by Shabbir Sir himself. These notes encapsulate years of experience and research, offering unparalleled depth and clarity on every aspect of Geography optional for UPSC.

Shabbir Sir Geography Optional Notes:

Immerse yourself in the wisdom of Shabbir Sir, a trusted name in the field of UPSC preparation. With his expert guidance, navigate through the intricacies of Geography optional effortlessly, and stay ahead of the curve in your exam preparation.

Geography Optional for UPSC (Notes):

Elevate your preparation with Shabbir Sir's Geography optional notes, renowned for their relevance and accuracy. Backed by extensive research and analysis, these notes provide a solid foundation for tackling the UPSC examination with confidence.

Geography Optional - Notes & PYQ:

Combine the insights from Shabbir Sir's notes with previous year question papers to refine your preparation strategy. Benefit from his strategic approach to solving UPSC questions and enhance your exam readiness effectively.

UPSC Geography optional Paper Materials:

Augment your preparation with supplementary materials handpicked by Shabbir Sir to complement his notes. Stay updated with the latest trends and exam patterns, and approach the UPSC Geography optional paper with a well-rounded perspective.

IAS Geography(Optional) Hand Written Notes (English):

Enrich your understanding of Geography optional with Shabbir Sir's hand-written notes, meticulously curated to cater to the needs of UPSC aspirants. Dive deep into the nuances of geographical concepts and emerge well-prepared for the examination.

Indian Geography: Geography Optional UPSC [Notes]:

Explore Indian geography through Shabbir Sir's specialized notes, offering valuable insights and analysis on the diverse geographical landscape of India. Master key topics with ease and precision, guided by Shabbir Sir's expertise.

Geography (Optional) Notes for UPSC | Diagrams and Mindmaps:

Simplify your revision process with Shabbir Sir's Notes containing important diagrams and mind maps, designed to condense complex information into digestible formats. Boost your retention and recall abilities, and optimize your revision efforts for maximum effectiveness.

Geography Notes & Study Materials for Civil Services Exams:

Access a curated collection of study materials handpicked by Shabbir Sir to supplement your preparation. Stay organized and focused on your UPSC goals, armed with the resources needed to excel in the examination.

IAS Geography(Optional) Hand Written Notes(English):

Immerse yourself in the wisdom of Shabbir Sir, a trusted name in the field of UPSC preparation. With his expert guidance, navigate through the intricacies of Geography optional effortlessly, and stay ahead of the curve in your exam preparation.

Geography notes & study materials for civil services exams:

Access a wealth of study materials, including lecture notes, research papers, and supplementary resources to supplement your preparation. Stay organized and focused with our curated collection of materials tailored for civil services exams.

Unlock your potential and chart a path to success with Shabbir Sir's Geography Optional Notes for UPSC. Embrace the guidance of a seasoned mentor and embark on a journey towards realizing your UPSC aspirations.

 

Have questions about a course or test series?

unread messages    ?   
Ask an Expert

Enquiry

Help us make sure you are you through an OTP:

Please enter correct Name

Please authenticate via OTP

Resend OTP
Please enter correct mobile number
Please enter OTP

Geography Optional - Hard Copy Notes

Please enter correct Name
Resend OTP
Please enter correct mobile number

OTP has been sent.

Please enter OTP