Population Policy through 5 Year Plans
|Five Year Plan||Population Policy|
|First Five Year Plan (1951-1956)||Initiation of Family Planning Program in 1952 to promote the use of contraceptives and reduce the birth rate.|
|Second Five Year Plan (1956-1961)||Consolidation of Family Planning Program with an aim to achieve a crude birth rate of 25 per thousand by the end of the plan period.|
|Third Five Year Plan (1961-1966)||Strengthening of the Family Planning Program with a focus on maternal and child health services.|
|Fourth Five Year Plan (1969-1974)||Introduction of sterilization as a family planning method, along with strengthening of maternal and child health services.|
|Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-1979)||Expansion of Family Planning Program to rural areas with an aim to achieve a crude birth rate of 30 per thousand by the end of the plan period.|
|Sixth Five Year Plan (1980-1985)||Implementation of the National Population Policy of 1976, which emphasized the need to control the population growth rate through family planning and reproductive health measures.|
|Seventh Five Year Plan (1985-1990)||Continued implementation of the National Population Policy, along with a focus on improving the status of women through education and empowerment.|
|Eighth Five Year Plan (1992-1997)||Adoption of a multi-sectoral approach to population control, with a focus on improving the status of women and providing universal access to basic healthcare services.|
|Ninth Five Year Plan (1997-2002)||Introduction of the National Population Policy of 2000, which aimed to reduce the population growth rate to 1.5% by 2010 through promoting family planning, reproductive health services, and improving female literacy.|
|Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007)||Continued implementation of the National Population Policy, along with a focus on improving the health status of vulnerable populations, including women, children, and the elderly.|
|Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012)||Implementation of the Janani Suraksha Yojana and other safe motherhood interventions, along with a focus on improving access to quality healthcare services, including family planning and reproductive health.|
|Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017)||Implementation of the National Urban Health Mission and other initiatives to improve the health status of urban populations, along with a focus on achieving sustainable development goals.|
India’s Population Trend
|1891-1921||Slow and stable||Growth was very slow and almost stable. Negative growth was witnessed during 1891-1901 and 1911-1921 due to famines.|
|1921-1951||Fast growth||Population growth rate increased to 1.22% per year, and the population increased by 10.96 crores.|
|1951-1981||Population explosion||Population growth rate reached 2.2% by 1981 with an average annual growth rate of 2.15%.|
|Post-1981||Gradual slowing down||Population growth rate has been falling, but the population has still been growing. The sharpest decline was registered from 2001 to 2011 since Independence.|
1. What is the current population growth rate in India?
- As of my last knowledge update in 2021, India’s population growth rate was estimated to be around 1.2% per year. Please note that population growth rates can change over time.
2. How does India’s population growth rate compare to global trends?
- India has one of the world’s highest population growth rates, contributing significantly to its overall population size and demographic challenges.
3. How do demographic trends in India influence social and economic policies?
- Demographic trends play a crucial role in shaping policies related to education, healthcare, employment, and infrastructure development. Understanding these trends is essential for effective policy planning.
4. What is meant by the term “India population rate”?
- The term “India population rate” may refer to various demographic indicators, such as the population growth rate, birth rate, death rate, or any other statistic related to India’s population.
5. How can I find the most up-to-date population statistics for India?
- To access the latest population statistics for India, you can refer to official sources such as the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, the World Bank, or the United Nations Population Division.
6. What is the fertility rate in India, and how is it measured?
- The fertility rate in India measures the average number of children a woman is expected to have during her reproductive years. It is typically expressed as the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and has been declining in recent years.
7. What are some of the key population growth problems in India?
- India faces challenges related to overpopulation, resource strain, uneven regional growth, healthcare access, and the need for family planning and population control measures.
8. How can India address population growth problems effectively?
- Addressing population growth problems requires a comprehensive approach that includes promoting family planning, improving healthcare and education, raising awareness, and implementing policies to manage population growth while ensuring sustainable development.
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