The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, though a comprehensive legal framework, requires substantial awareness campaigns to ensure effective implementation. The lack of sensitization among government officials and the general public impedes the realization of its objectives, hindering the empowerment and inclusion of persons with disabilities. Advocacy efforts are crucial for fostering a truly inclusive society.
UPSC Mains General Studies Paper – 2 Mains 2022
- Introducing with the objective, vision and significance of keywords the asked The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.
- Detailing the ideas refer to its remains only a legal document without intense sensitisation from all section.
- Explain how it can be an important step towards protecting the rights of persons with disabilities in India
- Accordingly conclude it.
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (RPwD Act) 2016 is a significant step towards protecting the rights of persons with disabilities in India. The act replaced the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act of 1995, and it brought significant changes in the way disability is perceived and addressed in the country.
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act in India has introduced several new features to protect the rights of people with disabilities. It has increased the number of recognized disabilities from 7 to 21, with the government having the authority to add more types. The new types of disabilities include conditions such as speech and language disabilities, dwarfism, and muscular dystrophy. The act requires the appropriate governments to take effective measures to ensure that individuals with disabilities enjoy equal rights with others, and it provides additional benefits such as reservation in higher education and government jobs.
Sensitization refers to the process of increasing awareness and understanding of disability issues among government officials and the general public. This is important because many people may not be aware of the challenges and barriers faced by persons with disabilities and may not understand how to support and include them in various activities. Sensitization can be achieved through a range of activities, including training programs, awareness campaigns, and education programs.
The act also requires government-funded and recognized educational institutions to provide inclusive education to children with disabilities, and it stresses the importance of ensuring accessibility in public buildings. The creation of broad-based Central and State Advisory Boards on Disability will serve as apex policy-making bodies at the Central and State level. The Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities and the State Commissioners will act as regulatory bodies and Grievance Redressal agencies and also monitor implementation of the Act.
District level committees will be formed to address local concerns of persons with disabilities, and National and State Funds will be created to provide financial support to those with disabilities. The Bill provides for penalties for offences committed against persons with disabilities and special courts will be designated in each district to handle cases concerning violation of their rights.
The goal of the policy document — of inclusiveness and empowerment — cannot be achieved without political inclusion. The policy can follow a four-pronged approach: building the capacity of disabled people’s organisations and ‘empowering their members through training in the electoral system, government structure, and basic organisational and advocacy skills’; the creation, amendment or removal of legal and regulatory frameworks by lawmakers and election bodies to encourage the political participation of the disabled; inclusion of civil societies to ‘conduct domestic election observation or voter education campaigns’; and a framework for political parties to ‘conduct a meaningful outreach to persons with disabilities when creating election campaign strategies and developing policy positions’.
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