Climatology is one of the important sections of Geography Optional for the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination. Outlined below are the various questions asked in the UPSC Mains from Climatology.
Complete Syllabus for Geography Optional for UPSC CSE
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Climatology Previous Year Questions (UPSC CSE Mains Geography Optional)
- What is pollution dome? Discuss its formation and impacts. (10 Marks/2022)
- With suitable examples describe the impacts of movement of airmasses on weather and winds in different
parts of the continents. (15 Marks/2022)
- Rise of surface temperature brings severe consequences. Elaborate the potential changes and threats
associated with it in the world. (20 Marks/2022)
- Describe how short term variations in temperature are related to the processes of receiving energy from
the sun to the Earth’s surface and dissipating it to the atmosphere. (15 Marks/2022)
- What are the important factors responsible for airmass modifications ? (10 Marks/2021)
- Examine major influencing factors for varied patterns of precipitations on the continents.(20 Marks/2021)
- Indicating the causes of lighting, describe the threats associated with it. (15 Marks/2021)
- Write a geographical note on Halloween Storm. (10 Marks/2020)
- Explain how various factors influence the origin and development of the Indian monsoon system.
- Explain the characteristic features of Frontogenesis and Frontolysis. (15 Marks/2020)
- Explain the techniques to calculate potential evapotranspiration suggested by Thornthwaite.
- Explain the nature of urban climates and their impact on global environmental change. (15 Marks/2019)
- Discuss in detail the tri-cellular model of atmospheric circulation. (20 Marks/2019)
- Explain the role of evaporation in the hydrologic cycle. (10 Marks/2018)
- Critically examine the basis and scheme of climatic classification proposed by G.T.Trewartha.
- Explain the origin, progress and retreat of the Indian monsoon and discuss its impact on the Indian
economy. (20 Marks/2018)
- Discuss the forces which govern the air movement on the Earth’s surface. (20 Marks/2017)
- “Climate change is a reality.” Explain with suitable examples. (20 Marks/2017)
- Differential between insolation and temperature and explain anomalous temperature. (10 Marks/2016)
- Compare the origin and weather condition associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones.
- Discuss the significance of World Climate Research Programme (WCEF) and its core projects in the
understanding of climatic change. (20 Marks/2016)
- Discuss as to how frontogenesis contributes to weather instability. (10 Marks/2015)
- What is Potential Evapotranspiration? Explain how it is used in assessing the water balance in an area.
- Discuss the basis of Koppen’s climatic classification of ‘Cs’ type of climate. (20 Marks/2015)
- Explain the meridional circulation of the atmosphere and its importance in world climate.
- Discuss the salient features of ‘sirocco’ and mistral’. (10 Marks/2014)