The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Services Mains Examination is a rigorous and highly competitive assessment that tests the knowledge and analytical abilities of aspiring civil servants in India. Among the plethora of subjects available for this examination, “History” has always held a special place. Within the realm of History, candidates often opt for the “Other Strands in the National Movement,” an optional subject that delves into the multifaceted aspects of India’s struggle for independence. In this blog, we will explore the significance of choosing this subject, the wealth of knowledge it offers, and how delving into previous years’ questions can be an invaluable strategy for UPSC Mains success.
The “Other Strands in the National Movement” subject in UPSC Mains focuses on the lesser-known facets of India’s freedom struggle, shedding light on the roles played by various individuals, organizations, and movements that have often been overshadowed by more prominent figures and events. As this subject is not as commonly chosen as some others, it presents a unique opportunity for candidates to stand out and showcase their depth of knowledge and understanding of India’s rich history. To help aspirants excel in this subject, we will be delving into the previous year’s questions from 2013 to 2023, offering insights, analysis, and key takeaways to guide you towards UPSC success. So, whether you’re considering “Other Strands in the National Movement” as your optional subject or are already committed to it, join us on this journey to unlock the treasure trove of knowledge that this subject offers and enhance your chances of clearing the UPSC Mains Examination.
Other strands in the National Movement History – Previous Year Questions (UPSC CSE Mains History Optional)
The Revolutionaries: Bengal, the Punjab. Maharashtra. U.P, the Madras Presidency. Outside India. The Left; The Left within the Congress: Jawaharlal Nehru. Subhas Chandra Bose, the Congress Socialist Party; the Communist Party of India, other left parties.
1. Account for the rise and growth of Leftwing within the Congress. Did Jawaharlal Nehru believe in a socialistic approach to Indian and world problems and if so why? (1986)
2. ‘The National Movement has shown concern for problems other than the constitutional one.’ Discuss the factors that helped the rise of a left wing in the Indian National Congress. (1990)
3. Account for the rise and growth of leftism in the Congress movement. What impact did it have on contemporary Indian politics? (1997)
4. “The ideology of Subhash Chandra Bose was a combination of nationalism, fascism and communism.” Comment. (2002)
5. Discuss the nature of the leadership and programme of the Congress Socialist Party. (2002)
6. Examine the causes of the rise and progress of revolutionary movements in India from 1905 to 1931. (2003)
7. Account for the emergence of the left-wing within the Congress. How far did it influence the programme and Policy of Congress? (2006)
8. Describe the changing nature of revolutionary activities in India between 1905-1946. (2008)
9. “The emergence of left-wing group in the Congress radicalized the social and economic agenda.” Critically evaluate. (2011)
10. Critically examine: “The very idea of the bomb and the secret society and of propaganda through action and sacrifice were imports from the West”. (2015)
11. A powerful left – wing group developed in India in the late 1920s and 1930s, contributing to the radicalization of national movement.” Critically examine. (2015)
12. Trace the origin of the Ghadar movement and discuss its impact on the in India. (2017)
13. Underline the growth of various forms of Socialist ideologies in the Indian National Movement between World Wars I and II. (2018)
14. Assess the roles of Subhas Chandra Bose in India’s struggle for independence. (2019)
15. Critically examine the following statement in about 150 words: “The Trade Union Movement in India not only supported the call for national struggle at critical junctures, but also impacted its course and character in several ways.” (2020)
16. Critically examine the following statement in about 150 words: The rise of the Communist Movement in India in the 1920s lent a militant and revolutionary content to the Trade Union Movement. (2021)
FAQs on Other strands in the National Movement
1. What does the “Other Strands in the National Movement” subject entail in UPSC Mains?
Answer: The “Other Strands in the National Movement” is an optional subject that explores lesser-known aspects of India’s struggle for independence. It covers various individuals, organizations, and movements that played crucial roles during the freedom struggle but often remain in the shadows of more prominent figures and events.
2. Why should I choose “Other Strands in the National Movement” as my optional subject in UPSC Mains?
Answer: Choosing this subject allows you to differentiate yourself from other candidates who might opt for more common subjects. It offers a unique opportunity to showcase your in-depth knowledge of India’s history and provides a fresh perspective on the diverse contributors to the national movement.
3. How can I prepare effectively for the “Other Strands in the National Movement” subject?
Answer: To prepare, read comprehensive books on the subject, analyze historical documents, and consult relevant academic sources. You should also go through previous years’ question papers and engage in structured answer-writing practice to develop a strong understanding of the subject’s nuances.
4. Are there any specific topics within this subject that I should focus on for the UPSC Mains Examination?
Answer: While the entire syllabus is essential, you should pay special attention to topics related to lesser-known freedom fighters, regional movements, and the social and cultural aspects of the national movement. These topics are often featured in UPSC questions.
5. What are the career prospects for candidates who excel in “Other Strands in the National Movement” in the UPSC examination?
Answer: Success in this optional subject can open doors to various career opportunities in the Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and other civil services. You may find positions related to historical research, cultural heritage, and roles that require a deep understanding of India’s historical context. Additionally, your knowledge of diverse aspects of the national movement can be a valuable asset in your civil services career.
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