How to prepare Geography for UPSC Exams

Jul 31, 2021
8 min read
How to prepare Geography for UPSC Exams

Introduction about Geography in UPSC: Geography is covered in both the General Studies Paper 1 of the UPSC Mains Exam and the GS Paper 1 of the UPSC Prelims Exam. Geography for UPSC syllabus and in general classify the elements that enable human life as well as those that endanger it. To put it another way, learning about these elements will increase your chances of maintaining important resources for human life. 

Both the IAS Prelims and Mains Exams necessitate a thorough understanding of geography. Geographical studies are divided into two categories: physical geography and human geography. You will need to apply your geographical knowledge to questions on Indian geography as well as global geography for this subject. 

 (Watch: IAS 2021: GS & Geography Optional Webinar)  

Weightage & Distribution of Questions in IAS Prelims Examination: 

The table below shows the weightage of the subjects for the number of questions in General Studies I Prelims Examination from 2012 to 2020:  

Year 

History 

Geography 

Polity 

Science & Technology 

Current Affairs 

Environment 

Economy 

2012 

19 

17 

20 

9 

1 

17 

17 

2013 

16 

18 

16 

14 

0 

17 

19 

2014 

20 

14 

14 

16 

8 

18 

10 

2015 

17 

16 

13 

8 

22 

11 

13 

2016 

15 

7 

7 

8 

27 

18 

18 

2017 

14 

9 

22 

9 

15 

15 

16 

2018 

22 

10 

13 

10 

14 

13 

18 

2019 

17 

14 

15 

7 

22 

11 

14 

2020 

20 

10 

17 

10 

18 

10 

15 

 

Weightage of Marks in Geography & Environment from 2012 to 2020: 

The table below shows the weightage of marks in Environment and Geography for UPSC Prelims Examination from 2012 to 2020: 

Year 

Geography 

Environment 

Total Questions 

Combined Marks (Geography & Environment) 

Total Marks 

% of Marks from Geography & Environment 

2012 

17 

17 

34 

68 

200 

34% 

2013 

18 

17 

35 

70 

200 

35% 

2014 

14 

18 

32 

64 

200 

32% 

2015 

16 

11 

27 

54 

200 

27% 

2016 

7 

18 

25 

50 

200 

25% 

2017 

9 

15 

24 

48 

200 

24% 

2018 

10 

13 

23 

46 

200 

23% 

2019 

14 

11 

25 

50 

200 

25% 

 

2020 

10 

10 

20 

40 

200 

20% 

 

Weightage of Marks & Questions in Geography for UPSC Mains Examination for GS-1 Paper From 2016 to 2020: 


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