|Judicial Pronouncements||Brief Description|
|Keshavananda Bharati vs. State of Kerala 1973||In this landmark case, the Supreme Court of India held that the basic structure of the Constitution cannot be altered by Parliament through constitutional amendment. The Court also reaffirmed the secular nature of the Constitution.|
|S.P. Mittal vs. Union of India (1983)||The Supreme Court held that government officials cannot participate in religious activities while on duty, and that the use of public funds for such activities is unconstitutional.|
|Indra Sawhney vs. Union of India (1992)||This case dealt with the issue of reservation in government jobs and education. The Supreme Court upheld the validity of reservation but also held that it should not exceed 50% and should be based on the principle of social and educational backwardness, rather than religion.|
|S.R. Bommai vs Union of India (1994)||In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that the dismissal of a state government on the grounds of political instability must be based on objective criteria and not on the mere possibility of the government losing a confidence vote. The Court also reaffirmed the importance of secularism in the Indian Constitution.|
|M. Ismail Faruqui vs. Union of India (1994)||The Supreme Court held that the acquisition of a religious place of worship by the government does not violate the right to freedom of religion, as long as adequate compensation is provided.|
|Communalism Combat vs. Union of India (2006)||In this case, the Supreme Court issued guidelines to prevent hate speech and communal violence by politicians and religious leaders, and ordered the establishment of fast-track courts to try cases related to communal violence.|
These judicial pronouncements have helped to define the contours of secularism in India and have played a significant role in protecting the secular fabric of the country.
Q1: What are landmark judgments of the Supreme Court?
A: Landmark judgments of the Supreme Court are legal decisions that have significant and lasting impact on Indian jurisprudence. They often establish important legal principles and interpretations.
Q2: Can you provide examples of some landmark judgments of the Supreme Court?
A: Some examples include Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala (1973), Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India (1978), and Vishaka v. State of Rajasthan (1997).
Q3: Are there any landmark judgments related to Section 306 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)?
A: Yes, there are several cases where the Supreme Court has provided significant interpretations and rulings related to abetment of suicide under Section 306 IPC.
Q4: Can you provide an example of a landmark judgment on Section 306 IPC?
A: A notable judgment is “Ramesh Kumar v. State of Chhattisgarh (2001),” which clarified the scope and elements of abetment to suicide under Section 306.
Q5: Are there any landmark judgments related to Section 354 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)?
A: Yes, Section 354 deals with assault or criminal force to a woman with the intent to outrage her modesty, and there have been significant judgments on this section.
Q6: Can you provide an example of a landmark judgment on Section 354 IPC?
A: A notable judgment is “Vishaka v. State of Rajasthan (1997),” which laid down guidelines to prevent sexual harassment of women at workplaces.
Q7: Are there any landmark judgments related to the SARFAESI (Securitization and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest) Act?
A: Yes, there are cases where the Supreme Court has provided important interpretations and rulings related to the SARFAESI Act.
Q8: Can you provide an example of a landmark judgment on the SARFAESI Act?
A: One notable case is “Mardia Chemicals Ltd. v. Union of India (2004),” which addressed the constitutional validity of certain provisions of the SARFAESI Act.
Q10: Are there any landmark judgments related to Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC)?
A: Yes, Section 482 CrPC deals with the inherent powers of the High Court to make orders necessary for the ends of justice, and there have been significant judgments related to its use.
Q11: Can you provide an example of a landmark judgment on Section 482 CrPC?
A: One notable case is “State of Karnataka v. L. Muniswamy (1977),” which discussed the scope and limitations of the inherent powers of the High Court under Section 482.
Q12: Are there any landmark judgments related to Section 420 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)?
A: Yes, Section 420 IPC deals with cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property. There have been important judgments on this section.
Q13: Can you provide an example of a landmark judgment on Section 420 IPC?
A: A notable judgment is “Ram Bihari Yadav v. State of Bihar (1998),” which discussed the elements of the offense of cheating under Section 420 IPC.
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