Friday, 27th October 2023

Table of contents

1   Daily Current Affairs

●  

The Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023

●  

Questioning in Parliament - Edukemy Current Affairs

●  

SIM Cards - Edukemy Current Affairs

●  

Marine Cloud Brightening - Edukemy Current Affairs

●  

QR code in Food labelling - Edukemy Current Affairs

●  

National Cooperative Exports Limited (NCEL)

●  

Nano Di-Ammonia Phosphate (DAP) liquid

●  

Benin - Edukemy Current Affairs

●  

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunal

●  

Exercise Harimau Shakti-2023 - Edukemy Current Affairs

2   Daily Editorial Analysis

●  

An opportunity to recast India’s food system

.... Show less Show more
Daily Current Affairs

The Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023


In News: A parliamentary committee has recently examined the Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) 2023 Bill, which includes significant changes to India's Criminal Justice System. 

The parliamentary committee reviewing the Bhartiya Nyaya Sanhita (BNS) 2023 Bill has made several noteworthy recommendations: 

  • The committee suggests including a gender-neutral provision to criminalize adultery, aiming to protect the institution of marriage without gender bias. 
  • They are considering criminalizing non-consensual sex and acts of bestiality, addressing a range of sexual offenses. 
  • The committee proposes improved definitions for terms like "community service" and "life imprisonment" within the bill. 
  • The new draft code removes Section 124A (Sedition) and provides provisions for prosecuting offenses committed in foreign countries, reflecting significant improvements in the criminal justice system. 

Arguments in Favor of legalizing and criminalizing adultery can be summarized as follows: 

  • Legalizing Adultery: 
    • The Supreme Court's 2018 judgment in Joseph Shine vs. The Union of India highlighted the importance of individual autonomy and the right to privacy. 
    • Legalizing adultery acknowledges adults' right to make personal relationship decisions, while the 158-year-old Section 497 of the IPC was deemed unconstitutional as it violated Article 21 and Article 14 of the Indian Constitution. 
    • Section 497 was rooted in the Doctrine of Coverture, which is incompatible with the Constitution and denies women their fundamental rights. 
    • The Supreme Court emphasized that marriage does not mean surrendering one's autonomy. Allowing individuals to make sexual choices is a crucial aspect of human liberty. 
  • Criminalizing Adultery: 
    • Criminalizing adultery is seen as a means to protect the institution of marriage, preventing its harm, broken families, and emotional trauma. 
    • Some argue that criminalizing adultery protects women from unfaithful spouses who might otherwise abandon them, leaving them economically vulnerable. 
    • The adultery law is viewed as upholding traditional moral and societal values important to many in Indian society. 
    • Criminalizing adultery is seen as a way to preserve the family structure, a fundamental building block of society. 
  • The Path Ahead 
    • Encouraging awareness about adultery's impact on families and relationships can empower individuals to make informed choices in their personal lives.  
    • Promoting marriage counselling and mediation as proactive solutions for marital issues, and enhancing their accessibility, is crucial.  
    • Additionally, there's a necessity to promote alternative dispute resolution methods like arbitration and mediation to address infidelity and marital discord outside the legal system. 

Source: HT 

Keywords: GS-2 Polity, Government Policies & Interventions
Daily Current Affairs

Questioning in Parliament - Edukemy Current Affairs


In News: In a recent development, a Member of Parliament (MP) is under scrutiny by both the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and the Lok Sabha Ethics Committee due to her suspected role in 'cash for query' accusations. 

Procedure for Raising and Admitting Questions in Lok Sabha: 

  • The process adheres to Rules 32 to 54 of the "Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha" and Directions 10 to 18 set by the Lok Sabha Speaker. 
  • MPs must submit a notice to the Lok Sabha Secretary-General, including the question's text, the designated Minister, the desired answer date, and preference order if multiple questions are tabled for the same day. 
  • MPs can submit up to five notices for questions (both oral and written) on a single day, with additional notices considered for subsequent days within the same session. 
  • A standard notice period of at least 15 days is required for questions. 
  • MPs can submit notices through the online 'Member's Portal' or printed forms from the Parliamentary Notice Office. 
  • The Speaker of Lok Sabha reviews the notices for admissibility based on established criteria. 

Conditions for Question Admissibility: 

  • Questions must be concise, under 150 words, and avoid arguments, defamatory statements, or references to personal conduct, except in an official or public context. 
  • Questions about broad policy issues are not admissible due to their complexity. 
  • Questions cannot pertain to matters under judicial consideration or before parliamentary committees and should not seek information that might undermine national unity and integrity. 

Types of Questions in Parliament: 

  • Starred Question: MPs ask a starred question and receive an oral response from the Minister-in-charge. Each MP can ask one starred question per day, and supplementary questions can follow the oral answer. 
  • Unstarred Question: MPs seek a written answer from a minister, and the answer is laid on the table of the House. Supplementary questions are not allowed for unstarred questions. 
  • Short Notice Question: These are for urgent matters of public importance, requiring an oral answer. They have a notice period of less than 10 days. 
  • Question to Private Member: Questions addressed to private members are permitted under specific parliamentary rules (Rule 40 in Lok Sabha and Rule 48 in Rajya Sabha). They should relate to a matter for which the member is responsible, such as a Bill, resolution, or other issues. 

The Importance of Raising Questions: 

  • Questioning is an essential and unimpeded parliamentary privilege for MPs, serving as a means for legislative oversight of executive actions. 
  • This process enables MPs to gather information about government operations, scrutinize policies, expose governmental deficiencies, and encourage ministers to take actions that benefit the public. 
  • Questions offer valuable insights to the government about public opinion regarding policies and governance. They can lead to the establishment of parliamentary investigations, inquiries, or the introduction of new laws. 

Way Ahead 

  • The Question Hour in parliament is a constitutional right under Article 75, representing a form of direct democracy.  
  • MPs, as representatives of the people, directly question the government on governance matters, and the government is obligated to respond in the House.  
  • In cases where a question is disallowed, officials should provide a valid reason, which is not accessible through RTIs due to parliamentary privilege.  
  • Challenging such decisions in court can be challenging due to the privilege of the House. 

UPSC Previous Year Questions 

Prelims (2017) 

Q. The Parliament of India exercises control over the functions of the Council of Ministers through

  1. Adjournment motion 
  2. Question hour 
  3. Supplementary questions 

Select the correct answer using the code given below: 

(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 and 3 only 
(c) 1 and 3 only 
(d) 1, 2 and 3 

Answer: (d) 

  • Adjournment motion is introduced in the Parliament to draw attention of the House to a definite matter of urgent public importance. It interrupts the normal business of the House, thereby making it a device of censure against the government. Hence, 1 is correct. 
  • Question Hour is a tool of “Parliamentary Oversight” over the administration or executive. During Question Hour, the government is answerable for all its acts of omission and commission to the Parliament. 
  • There are four types of questions: Starred Questions, Unstarred Questions, Short Notice Question and Question to Private Member. Hence, 2 is correct. 
  • Under the Starred Question, an oral answer is required from the minister and the members are allowed to ask the supplementary questions. Hence, 3 is correct. 
  • Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer. 

Source: IE 

Keywords: GS-2 Polity, Indian Constitution
Daily Current Affairs

SIM Cards - Edukemy Current Affairs


In News: Recently, Department of Telecommunication (DoT) gives telcos time till Dec 1 to comply with new SIM card rules. 

About a SIM card 

  • A SIM card, or Subscriber Identity Module card, is a tiny integrated circuit that serves as an individual's ID card within a cellular network.  
  • It carries a unique identification number (IMSI) for locating and confirming a subscriber's identity.  
  • A SIM card is essential for connecting a mobile phone to a GSM-based cellular network, and it stores a special authentication key (SAK) for secure access.  
  • In addition to network access, SIM cards can store data like location information, preferred networks for roaming, and sometimes even emergency contact numbers, contacts, and SMS messages.  
  • They are crucial for the functionality and security of mobile communication. 

Working of SIM cards 

  • A SIM card operates according to the ISO/IEC 7816 international standard, with metal contacts segmented into pins, each serving a specific function.  
  • The SIM card plays a vital role in authenticating a subscriber's data on the cellular network, using an authentication key.  
  • When a call is made, the SIM card verifies the recipient's identity, directing the call through the network if the recipient is connected to the same exchange. 

Evolution of SIM cards over time 

  • The evolution of smart cards, including SIM cards, began in the late 1960s, driven by technological advancements described by Moore's law.  
  • The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) played a significant role in standardizing SIM cards.  
  • With the transition to 3G networks, the term 'SIM' was separated into hardware (UICC) and software, and eSIMs emerged. 
  • eSIMs are software-based and permanently integrated into a mobile device during manufacturing, eliminating the need for physical SIM cards 
  • Notable devices like Google Pixel and iPhone 14 support eSIMs. Benefits of eSIM technology include environmental friendliness, enhanced security, and remote reprogramming by network operators. 

UPSC Previous Year Questions 

Prelims (2010) 

Q. Which among the following do/does not belong/ belongs to the GSM family of wireless technologies? 

(a) EDGE  
(b) LTE  
(c) DSL  
(d) Both EDGE and LTE 

Answer: (c) 

Prelims (2019) 

Q. With reference to communication technologies, what is/are the difference/differences between LTE (Long Term Evolution) and VoLTE (Voice over Long-Term Evolution)? (2019)

  1. LTE is commonly marketed as 3G and VoLTE is commonly marketed as advanced 3G. 
  2. LTE is data-only technology and VoLTE is voice only technology. 

Select the correct answer using the code given below: 

(a) 1 only  
(b) 2 only  
(c) Both 1 and 2  
(d) Neither 1 nor 2 

Answer: (d) 

Source: TH 

Keywords: GS-3 Environment
Daily Current Affairs

Marine Cloud Brightening - Edukemy Current Affairs


In News: Marine cloud brightening is gaining attention as a method to combat extreme ocean heat, reduce coral bleaching, and protect marine ecosystems. 

Marine Cloud Brightening What and How? 

  • Marine cloud brightening (MCB) is a concept introduced by British cloud physicist John Latham in 1990 to address global warming.  
  • It aims to enhance the reflectivity of marine clouds by releasing sea water droplets into the atmosphere, which, when evaporated, leave behind salt particles that create denser and brighter clouds.  
  • This process can help counteract the warming effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide over vulnerable ocean areas. 

Pros and Cons of Marine Cloud Brightening: 

  • Marine cloud brightening (MCB) offers potential benefits by reducing sea surface temperatures, potentially lessening coral bleaching events and aiding coral recovery 
  • It's being explored for the Great Barrier Reef.  
  • However, there are technical challenges, environmental impacts like altered climate patterns, ethical dilemmas concerning human intervention, and a moral hazard of reduced commitment to greenhouse gas emissions reduction. 

Conclusion: 

  • Marine cloud brightening (MCB) is being explored to combat ocean heat and reduce coral bleaching.  
  • It involves making clouds whiter by releasing fine sea water droplets into the atmosphere 
  • MCB has potential benefits for coral reefs and is being studied for the Great Barrier Reef.  
  • However, it faces technical, environmental, ethical, and moral challenges. Coral bleaching, caused by elevated sea temperatures, weakens and can kill corals.  
  • MCB is a complementary measure for short-term coral reef protection, alongside conservation, restoration, adaptation, and innovation to address climate change impacts. 

UPSC Previous Year Questions 

Prelims (2016) 

Q."Biorock technology" is talked about in which one of the following situations? 

(a) Restoration of damaged coral reefs 
(b) Development of building materials using plant residue 
(c) Identification of areas for exploration/extraction of shale gas 
(d) Providing salt licks for wild animals in forests/protected areas 

Answer: (a) 

Prelims (2018) 

Q.Consider the following statements: 

  1. Most of the world’s coral reefs are in tropical waters. 
  2. More than one-third of the world’s coral reefs are located in the territories of Australia, Indonesia and Philippines. 
  3. Coral reefs host far more number of animal phyla than those hosted by tropical rainforests. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

(a) 1 and 2 only 
(b) 3 only 
(c) 1 and 3 only  
(d) 1, 2 and 3 

Answer: (d) 

Prelims (2014) 

Q. Which of the following have coral reefs?  

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands 
  2. Gulf of Kachchh 
  3. Gulf of Mannar 
  4. Sundarbans 

Select the correct answer using the code given below: 

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only  
(b) 2 and 4 only  
(c) 1 and 3 only  
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 

Answer: (a) 

Mains (2019) 

Q. Assess the impact of global warming on the coral life system with examples. 

Source: TH 

Keywords: GS-3 Environment, Science and technology.
Daily Current Affairs

QR code in Food labelling - Edukemy Current Affairs


In News: The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has suggested the utilization of Quick Response (QR) codes on food items. 

The Food Safety and Standards (Labelling and Display) Regulations, 2020 

  • The Food Safety and Standards (Labelling and Display) Regulations, 2020, provides detailed guidelines for the information that must be displayed on food product labels.  
  • This includes essential details like the product name, shelf life, nutrition facts, vegetarian/non-vegetarian logos, ingredient lists, allergen warnings, and specific labelling requirements.  
  • The primary objective is to empower consumers with the information they need to make informed choices when purchasing food products. 

Need for QR codes 

  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 acknowledges the rights and requirements of people with disabilities, with a focus on accessibility and promoting their health.  
  • To enhance this accessibility, one practical approach is to include QR codes on food product labels.  
  • These QR codes would contain extensive information about the product, such as its ingredients, nutritional facts, allergens, and manufacturing date. 

Source: TH 

Keywords: GS-3 Economy and GS-2 Polity and Governance
Daily Current Affairs

National Cooperative Exports Limited (NCEL)


In News: In response to an export ban, the government has chosen to facilitate the sale of 12 lakh metric tonnes (LMT) of non-basmati white rice to 11 countries through the National Cooperative Exports Limited (NCEL). 

About National Cooperative Exports Limited (NCEL) 

  • The National Cooperative Exports Limited (NCEL), established to oversee cooperative sector exports, has achieved remarkable success, securing orders worth Rs 7,000 crore.  
  • The Union Minister of Cooperation highlighted that around 50% of export profits will directly benefit farmers through NCEL.  
  • NCEL is a registered umbrella organization under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002, operating in the cooperative sector with six key objectives, including increasing exports, supporting farmers, diversifying crops, accessing global markets for organic products, positioning India in the global biofuel market, and strengthening the cooperative sector. 

Utility of National Cooperative Exports Limited (NCEL) 

  • The establishment of the National Cooperative Exports Limited (NCEL) aims to boost the demand for Indian cooperative products and services worldwide, while ensuring the best possible prices.  
  • It promotes exports through various activities such as procurement, storage, processing, marketing, branding, packaging, and more, covering goods and services produced by cooperative societies.  
  • The society assists with financing, technical guidance, training, capacity building, market intelligence, and the implementation of government schemes to enhance exports from the cooperative sector.  
  • This initiative supports "Make in India" and contributes to 'Atmanirbhar Bharat.'  
  • It aligns with the goal of "Sahakar-se-Samriddhi" through an inclusive growth model for cooperatives, facilitating their access to export-related schemes and policies through a comprehensive government approach. 

Source: TH 

Keywords: GS-3 Economy
Daily Current Affairs

Nano Di-Ammonia Phosphate (DAP) liquid


In News: Recently Home Minister inaugurated India’s first nano DAP plant in Gujarat on Vijaya Dashami 

About DAP and its potential benefits 

  • Nano-DAP is a highly concentrated phosphate-based fertilizer designed to provide phosphorous nutrition throughout the crop growth cycle.  
  • It is a collaborative effort between the Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative (IFFCO) and a private player, Coromandel.  
  • This innovative fertilizer, priced at Rs 600 for a 500 ml bottle, is equivalent to one bag of conventional DAP, which costs Rs 1,350. 
  • The introduction of Nano-DAP is expected to have significant benefits, particularly for India's fertilizer sector.  
  • DAP is the second most consumed fertilizer in the country, and the majority of it is imported due to insufficient local production.  
  • Nano-DAP aims to reduce India's reliance on fertilizer imports, ultimately lowering the annual subsidy on non-urea fertilizers. 

Source: MC 

Keywords: GS-3 Environment
Daily Current Affairs

Benin - Edukemy Current Affairs


 In News: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) shareholders approve Benin, Ivory Coast to join as members. 

About 

  • Benin officially the Republic of Benin and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.  
  • It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso to the north-west, and Niger to the north-east.  
  • The majority of its population lives on the southern coastline of the Bight of Benin, part of the Gulf of Guinea in the northernmost tropical portion of the Atlantic Ocean. 
  • The capital is Porto-Novo, and the seat of government is in Cotonou, the most populous city and economic capital. 

Source: REUTERS 

Keywords: GS-3 Environment
Daily Current Affairs

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunal


In News: Centre constitutes Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Tribunal to declare JKDFP as unlawful association 

About UAPA and it’s major provisions 

  • The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) in India aims to prevent unlawful activities. 
  • Particularly those threatening the nation's integrity and sovereignty.  
  • It is often referred to as the Anti-terror law.  
  • The UAPA grants substantial powers to the central government and allows for severe penalties, including death penalty and life imprisonment.  
  • Key provisions include  
    • Designating individuals/organizations involved in terrorism 
    • Special procedures for property seizures related to terrorism 
    • Empowering officers of the National Investigation Agency (NIA).  
    • The process of declaring an association unlawful involves gazette notifications 
    • Tribunals to investigate 
    • Confirming the decision through official gazette publications. 

What is UAPA Tribunal? 

  • The UAPA establishes a tribunal headed by a retired or sitting High Court judge to give legal validity to the government's bans.  
  • When the Centre notifies the tribunal, the association in question has 30 days to present reasons why it should not be declared unlawful.  
  • Following a hearing and possible inquiry, the tribunal, within 6 months, determines whether there is enough evidence to declare the association unlawful.  
  • The government's notification does not take effect until the tribunal confirms it through an official order. 

Source: AIR News 

Keywords: GS-3 Environment
Daily Current Affairs

Exercise Harimau Shakti-2023 - Edukemy Current Affairs


In News: Exercise Harimau Shakti 2023, a joint bilateral training exercise between India and Malaysia, has commenced at Umroi Cantonment.  

About Exercise Harimau Shakti 2023 

  • This exercise focuses on setting up a Joint Command Post, an integrated surveillance grid, and a Joint Surveillance Centre.  
  • It emphasizes the deployment of joint forces in diverse environments, intelligence operations, the utilization of drones and helicopters, casualty management, and logistics.  
  • The exercise highlights the enhancement of defines cooperation between the Indian and Malaysian armies, reinforcing the bilateral relations between the two countries. 

Source: PIB 

Keywords: GS-2 IR
Daily Editorial Analysis

An opportunity to recast India’s food system


Context:  

World Food Day 2023 has drawn global attention to the significance of the food system. In India, the large population poses a dual challenge of malnutrition and inadequate farm incomes, closely tied to environmental concerns. 

About Food System and its significance: 

    • A food system encompasses all processes related to food, from production to disposal.  
    • It's crucial for  
    • food security 
    • Nutrition 
    • Economic growth 
    • Environmental sustainability 
    • Health 
    • Social equity 
    • Cultural preservation and  
    • Technological innovation. 

Challenges in India’s Food System 

  • India faces a dual nutritional challenge: nutrient deficiencies affecting a significant portion of the population, with high rates of child stunting, anaemia in women and men, and a parallel rise in obesity due to unbalanced diets and sedentary lifestyles.  
  • Initiatives, including a nationwide anti-malnutrition campaign led by the Prime Minister, have been initiated to address this. 
  • Farmers, especially those with small land holdings, struggle with insufficient incomes, and more than 68% of marginal farmers rely on non-farm activities to supplement their earnings, indicating limited opportunities and skills for income diversification. 
  • India's food production is at risk due to the depletion of natural resources and shifting climate patterns, as highlighted by the 2023 soil health survey.  
  • Nearly 50% of arable land lacks essential organic carbon, and groundwater depletion, especially in states like Punjab, poses a threat to farmers' economic resilience. 

Way Ahead 

  • Addressing changing consumer preferences for healthier and more sustainable diets involves private sector influence, collaborative efforts with civil society, health advocates, and social media influencers, and government initiatives like the Public Distribution System and mid-day meal programs.  
  • Supporting farmers' transition to sustainable agriculture requires increased funding for eco-friendly practices, expanding programs to include agroforestry and precision farming, and shifting from input subsidies to direct financial support per hectare of cultivated land.  
  • Promoting sustainable agricultural value chains involves direct sourcing from farmers, encouraging sustainable crop harvesting, and facilitating trade among Farmer Producer Organizations to ensure fair value distribution to farmers. 

Source: TH 

Keywords: GS-3 Indian Economy
Rating 5.0
Please rate the article below, your opinion matter to us
A notification message..

Share the article

Subscribe now

Get Latest Updates on Offers, Event dates, and free Mentorship sessions.

*you’ll be agreeing to our Terms & Conditions
Get in touch with our Expert Academic Counsellors

Get in touch with our Expert Academic Counsellors 👋

Preferred time to call

Frequently Asked Questions

UPSC Daily Current Affairs focuses on learning current events on a daily basis. An aspirant needs to study regular and updated information about current events, news, and relevant topics that are important for UPSC aspirants. It covers national and international affairs, government policies, socio-economic issues, science and technology advancements, and more.

UPSC Daily Current Affairs provides aspirants with a concise and comprehensive overview of the latest happenings and developments across various fields. It helps aspirants stay updated with current affairs and provides them with valuable insights and analysis, which are essential for answering questions in the UPSC examinations. It enhances their knowledge, analytical skills, and ability to connect current affairs with the UPSC syllabus.

UPSC Daily Current Affairs covers a wide range of topics, including politics, economics, science and technology, environment, social issues, governance, international relations, and more. It offers news summaries, in-depth analyses, editorials, opinion pieces, and relevant study materials. It also provides practice questions and quizzes to help aspirants test their understanding of current affairs.

Edukemy's UPSC Daily Current Affairs can be accessed through:

  • UPSC Daily Current Affairs can be accessed through Current Affairs tab at the top of the Main Page of Edukemy. 
  • Edukemy Mobile app: The Daily Current Affairs can also be access through Edukemy Mobile App. 
  • Social media: Follow Edukemy’s official social media accounts or pages that provide UPSC Daily Current Affairs updates, including Facebook, Twitter, or Telegram channels.

Have questions about a course or test series?

unread messages    ?   
Ask an Expert

Enquiry

Help us make sure you are you through an OTP:

Please enter correct Name

Please authenticate via OTP

Resend OTP
Please enter correct mobile number
Please enter OTP

Please enter correct Name
Resend OTP
Please enter correct mobile number

OTP has been sent.

Please enter OTP