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India has registered protests regarding the passage of US warship ‘USS John Paul’ through India's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) without "prior permission". The US warship conducted military maneuvers and freedom of navigation operations near Lakshadweep.
The passage of the US ship has come at a time when military cooperation between India and the US is on the rise. Their navies were involved in a joint exercise, along with navies of Japan, France and Australia in the eastern Indian Ocean region, in the La Pérouse exercise led by the French Navy. India and the US along with Australia and Japan make the Quadrilateral grouping where the commitment to a free and open Indo-Pacific has been emphasized.
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international treaty which was adopted and signed in 1982.
Ratification: The convention has been ratified by 168 parties and the European Union. India has ratified the UN Law of the Seas in 1995 but USA has not ratified it.
Reasons for the impasse
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