Context: Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister has announced the implementation of a police Commissionerate systems in Bhopal and Indore.
Under the currently prevailing dual command system in the state, the District Magistrate and the Superintendent of Police (SP) share powers and responsibilities in a district.
The DM is entrusted with issuing arrest warrants, licenses while the SP has powers and responsibilities to investigate crime and make arrests which ensures a lower concentration of power, making the police more accountable to the DM at the district level.
Under the police commissionerate system, the powers of both policing and magistracy are concentrated with the commissioner, who is directly accountable to the state government and the state police chief.
This means that such police officers now have powers of preventive arrest, imposing Section 144 of the CrPC Act also conduct externment proceedings and issue written orders to remove a person from their jurisdiction of the commissionerate for a maximum of two years.