Gazette

Edukemy Gazette

National AIDS and STD Control Programme

National AIDS and STD Control Programme

In News

The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of the National AIDS and STD control programme.

About the News

  • The approval is for phase-V of the programme.
  • The continuation of the programme will be from April 1 to March 31, 2026 (a period of five years) with an outlay of Rs 15471.94 crore.

National AIDS and STD control programme

  • What is it? The National AIDS and STD control programme is a Central Sector Scheme fully funded by the Government of India.
  • Function: It was launched in 1992 and is being implemented as a comprehensive programme for prevention and control of HIV/ AIDS in India.
  • Phases: Since then, four phases of NACP have been successfully completed.
    • The NACP I started in 1992, focused on slowing down the spread of HIV infections to reduce morbidity, mortality and impact of AIDS in the country.
    • NACP II launched in 1999 aimed to reduce the spread of HIV infection in India, and to increase India’s capacity to respond to HIV/AIDS on a long-term basis.
    • NACP III was launched in 2007 with the goal of Halting and Reversing the Epidemic over its five-year period.
    • NACP IV, launched in 2012, aimed to accelerate the process of reversal and further strengthen the epidemic response in India through a cautious and well-defined integration process over the next five years.

  • Phase V of the Programme: The NACP Phase-V will take the programme towards the attainment of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals 3.3 of ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030.
    • The programme will offer free HIV prevention, detection and treatment services in facility and community settings to high-risk, vulnerable and other ‘at-risk’ populations and PLHIV without any stigma and discrimination promoting equity and inclusiveness.
    • The programme will include community system strengthening through formal and informal engagement with an emphasis on the decentralized model of district-level programme monitoring and community feedback loop.
    • It will continue special attention to most at-risk populations, youth, and pregnant women offering a comprehensive package of services.
    • The community will be engaged in the design, concurrent appraisal and feedback to the project for providing strategic guidance and mid-course corrections.
  • Significance: The national AIDS response under NACP has been globally considered to be an extremely successful programme. This is because:
    • The annual new HIV infections in India has declined by 48% against the global average of 31% (the baseline year of 2010).
    • The annual AIDS-related deaths have declined by 82% against the global average of 42% (the baseline year of 2010). As a result, the HIV prevalence in India continues to be low with an adult HIV prevalence of 0.22%.
    • Several initiatives like the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Act (2017), Test and Treat Policy, Universal Viral Load Testing, Mission Sampark, Community-Based Screening, transition to Dolutegravir-based Treatment Regimen etc. have augmented the success of NACP.

 

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