Fri, 26 May 2023

Juna Khatiya Site

Why in news? Recently, A shell bangle, pottery fragments, stone knives, and even human skeletal remains were discovered in a 16-hectare stretch on the borders of Khatiya village in Gujarat’s Kutch district.


  • Juna Khatiya is an Early Harappan burial site located in Lakhpat Taluka of Kachchh district in Gujarat.
  • Since 2018, archaeologists have discovered 500 graves at the site.
  • The cemetery is believed to be 5,000 years old and belongs to the 'pre-urban' phase of the Harappan
  • Site contains biggest Early Harappan cemetery documented in India so far.
  • Other Harappan sites in Gujarat: Lothal, Surkotada, Dholavira etc.
  • Major Findings
    • Burial structures are made of dressed sandstone and majority of them are rectangular in plan followed by oval or circular ones.
    • Painting on Reserved Slip Ware jar is peculiar feature noticed.
    • Another distinctive feature includes beakers and other smaller vessels, found within larger vessels.

Harappan Civilisation:

  • The Harappan civilisation, one of the oldest in the world, flourished along the banks of the river Indus from 5,000 BC to 1,000 BC.
  • The 2,500-year-long period from 5,000 BC to 2,600 BC is known as the 'pre-urban' Harappan phase, while between 2,600 BC and 1,900 BC is the 'urban' Harappan phase.


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