Thu, 25 May 2023

Leatherback Turtles

Why in news? Recently, the government has granted approvals for an international container port on the Great Nicobar Island, which poses a threat to the survival of leatherback turtles, the largest turtles on Earth.


  • Leatherback turtle is the largest of the seven species of sea turtles.
    • Other species are: Olive Ridley turtle, Green turtle, Hawksbill turtle, Loggerhead turtle, Kemp’s Ridley, Flatback Turtle,
  • It has a leather-like shell and is found in all oceans except the Arctic and the Antarctic.
  • In the Indian Ocean, it nests only in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • It is the only living species in its genus and family.
  • Leatherback turtles can grow up to two meters long and weigh as much as 700 kilograms.
  • The Leatherback is unique among reptiles as it can generate heat to maintain high body temperatures.
  • The species has existed since the age of the dinosaurs, but its numbers are in decline.
  • It is protected under India’s Wildlife Protection Act.
  • Female Leatherbacks nest in significant numbers in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and then swim towards Australia’s western coast and the eastern coast of Africa.
  • IUCN: Vulnerable

Choose Newsletter

Have questions about a course or test series?

unread messages    ?   
Ask an Expert


Help us make sure you are you through an OTP:

Please enter correct Name

Please authenticate via OTP

Please enter correct mobile number
Please enter OTP

Please enter correct Name
Please enter correct mobile number

OTP has been sent.

Please enter OTP