Resources are an important concept in geography, referring to the natural or human-made materials or services that are used by humans to satisfy their needs and wants. Resources can be divided into two broad categories: renewable and non-renewable.
Renewable resources are those that can be replenished naturally within a relatively short period of time. Examples include solar energy, wind energy, biomass, and water. These resources are typically sustainable and can be used without depleting their stock, provided that they are managed carefully and sustainably.
Non-renewable resources, on the other hand, are finite and cannot be replenished within a reasonable timeframe. Examples include fossil fuels, minerals, and metals. These resources are often extracted from the earth’s crust and can take millions of years to form. Once they are depleted, they cannot be replaced, making them a finite resource.
Resources are distributed unevenly across the globe, with some regions rich in natural resources and others relatively poor. The distribution of resources has important economic, social, and political implications, and can influence the development of human societies. In many cases, the exploitation of resources can lead to environmental degradation and social inequality, as certain groups benefit from their extraction while others bear the costs.
Geographers study resources and their distribution and seek to understand the complex interactions between humans and their environment in relation to resource use. They examine the impacts of resource extraction and use on the environment, as well as the social and economic implications of resource exploitation. They also explore ways in which resources can be managed sustainably to ensure that they are used in a way that meets the needs of present and future generations.
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Resources Previous Year Questions (UPSC CSE Mains Geography Optional)
- The peninsular location of India provides scope for harnessing non-conventional energy resources. Discuss with examples. (15 Marks/2022)
- India is bestowed with rich mineral resources due to its geological structure. Correlate the above statement with large mineral belts of India. (20 Marks/2022)
- Discuss the economic significance of volcanic soils of India. (10 Marks/2021)
- Describe the salient features of east-flowing rivers of India. (10 Marks/2021)
- Explain the impact of tropical cyclones and western disturbances on the climate of India. (20 Marks/2021)
- Climate change has unsettled the rhythm of seasons. Comment with examples and empirical evidences. (10 Marks/2020)
- Soil types in India, classified on the basis of colour, possess specific chemical and mineral characteristics. Discuss. (15 Marks/2020)
- Examine the major causes of groundwater depletion in India. (10 Marks/2019)
- Discuss the problems of wildlife conservation and management in India. (10 Marks/2019)
- Keeping the recent developments in view,how can the energy crisis of India be circumvented by harnessing non-conventional energy resources? (10 Marks/2018)
- Illustrate with suitable examples the endeavours undertaken in augmenting conservation of water and vegetation in India. (20 Marks/2018)
- Discuss the freshwater crisis in India and prepare a blueprint for its sustainable management.
- Why has solar energy in India not been developed to desired level in spite of its high potential? (15 Marks/2017)
- Identify the important biotic resource regions of India and highlight their problems. (20 Marks/2016)
- Give an account of the development of renewable resources of India. (15 Marks/2016)
- Account for the geographical distribution of groundwater resources of India. How serious is its depletion in recent decades? (20 Marks/2015)
- Outline the Government of India’s strategies of conservation of theWestern Ghats. (15 Marks/2015)
- Highlight the socio- economic and ecological roles of River Cauvery in its riverine tract. (20 Marks/2014)
- Delineate the coalfields of India and mention their distinctive features. (15 Marks/2013)
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