Edukemy Kosmos




Silent Valley National Park


  • In news: Among the 17 species recently discovered in the Silent Valley were the Brown Wood Owl, Banded Bay Cuckoo, Malabar Woodshrike, White-throated Kingfisher, Indian nightjar, Jungle nightjar, and Large Cuckooshrike.
  • It is situated on the border between the Nilambur Taluk in Kerala's Malappuram District, the Mannarkkad Taluk in Palakkad District, and the Nilgiris District in Tamil Nadu.
  • There are some endangered plant and animal species in this national park.
  • It is situated in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which has a diverse biodiversity.
  • It is close to Anginda peak and Mukurthi peak, the fifth-highest peak in South India.
  • Both the Kunthipuzha River and Bhavani River have their origins close to Silent Valley.
  • In Silent Valley, the Kadalundi River also has its origins.


  • In news: Arittapatti in Melur block, Madurai district, has been designated as a biological heritage site by the Tamil Nadu government.
  • Around 250 different bird species may be found in the ecologically and historically significant village of Arittapatti, including three significant raptors known as the Laggar Falcon, Shaheen Falcon, and Bonelli's Eagle.
  • Animals like the Indian Pangolin, Slender Loris, and Pythons reside there as well.
  • A series of seven hillocks, or inselbergs, surrounds the biodiverse area and acts as a watershed for 72 lakes, 200 natural springs, and three check dams.
  • One of them, according to the government announcement, is the Anaikondan tank, which was constructed in the 16th century under the rule of Pandiyan rulers.
  • The area is historically significant due to a number of megalithic constructions, rock-cut temples, Tamil Brahmi inscriptions, and Jain beds.

Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Tungareshwar wildlife sanctuary also known as Tungareshwar National Park is located on a plateau east of Vasai and Virar in Palghar district, north of Mumbai in the Indian state Maharashtra.
  • The sanctuary is over 85 km2 and forms a corridor between Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary. Forests can be classified as Dry Deciduous, Moist Deciduous, or Semi-Evergreen.
  • The area is home to a variety of animals and birds, including the Crested Serpent-eagle, Jungle Owlet, White-eyed Buzzard, Oriental Honey-buzzard, Emerald Dove, and Heart-spotted Woodpecker. Other animals in the area include the Leopard, Wild Boar, Barking Deer, Langur, Bonnet and Rhesus Macaque, and Black-naped Hare.


  • In news: The Prime Minister has used video conferencing to examine the progress being made on the National Maritime Heritage Complex (NMHC) site at Gujarat's Lothal.
  • In the Bhal region of what is now the state of Gujarat, Lothal was one of the Indus Valley civilization's furthest-southern settlements.
  • It is thought that the port city was founded around 2,200 BC. When Lothal was a booming commercial hub, its commerce in beads, stones, and decorations reached as far as West Asia and Africa.
  • The Gujarati translation of Lothal, which is a mix of Loth and (s) thal, is "the mound of the dead."
  • By coincidence, the name of the Indus Valley Civilization's Mohenjo-daro metropolis, which is currently located in Pakistan, has the same meaning in Sindhi.
  • It can be contrasted with other Indus port cities in the area, including Balakot (Pakistan), Khirasa (in Gujarat's Kutch), and Kuntasi (in Rajkot).

Ranipur tiger reserve

  • In news: Under Section 38(v) of the Wild Life (Protection) Act of 1972, the notification of the Ranipur Tiger Reserve was approved by the Uttar Pradesh government.
  • Ranipur WS, an attraction in the Chitrakoot region of Uttar Pradesh, was established in 1977.
  • Despite being 230 sq. km in size and well known for its variety of species, travellers do not typically visit due to the challenging access.
  • According to the statement, the Ranipur TR contains tropical dry deciduous forests and is home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, leopards, sloth bears, spotted deer, sambhar, chinkara, as well as a number of birds and reptiles.
  • The Ranipur TR will follow Dudhwa, Pilibhit, and Amangarh as the fourth in UP.
  • Additionally, it will be the first in the state's share of the Bundelkhand region, which it has with Madhya Pradesh's neighbour.


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