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Finland has a strong reputation as a leader in environmental policy and sustainable development. It is the only country, close to reaching many of the SDGs related to social and economic sustainability. It is a forerunner to become the world’s first green economy by 2035. Roughly 90% of power generation is already carbon neutral and is only European country with access to all minerals needed for batteries.
Five high-impact sectors key to the Green Economy in India are Agriculture, Construction, Power, Manufacturing, Transport and Tourism.
The unsustainable way in which our natural resources are valued, used and managed is the most fundamental problem and there is need to operate within the ‘ planetary boundaries‘. However, these national pathways can be informed and assisted by an international framework of rules, best practices and actors. Countries like Japan, South Korea, China and Germany have already positioned themselves as green technology leaders and India should not be the perennial technology buyer. It can be concluded that there is need for a policy shift for green reforms to enable India to achieve sustained and sustainable development.
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